National Register Listings in
Renville County, North Dakota

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North Dakota was once home to a thriving wheat-growing industry that helped it earn the nickname "The Breadbasket of the World." The state's fertile soil and favorable weather conditions made it an ideal location for wheat farming, and many farmers still grow wheat there today.
Renville County, located in North Dakota, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. It has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples, including the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes, who were known for their agriculture and trade practices. European explorers, such as Lewis and Clark, also passed through the area in the early 19th century.

The county was officially established in 1873 and named after Joseph Renville, an influential French-Canadian fur trader. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Renville County experienced significant growth and development, fueled by the arrival of the railroad and the establishment of new homesteads. Agriculture, particularly wheat farming, became the backbone of the local economy, with many settlers turning the vast prairies into productive farmlands.

In the mid-20th century, Renville County, like many rural areas, faced challenges due to the mechanization of agriculture and the decline of small family farms. However, the community persevered and diversified its economy, embracing industries such as oil extraction and manufacturing. The county also saw advancements in infrastructure, education, and healthcare, bolstering its overall development.

Today, Renville County continues to be a close-knit community with a strong sense of history and heritage. It is known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and various cultural events, which celebrate its past while embracing its future. From its earliest indigenous roots to its present-day achievements, Renville County's history reflects the resilience and perseverance of the people who have called it home.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Renville County, North Dakota.

  • 1881 - Renville County is founded on July 17th.
  • 1882 - Sherwood becomes the first county seat.
  • 1890 - Mohall becomes the new county seat.
  • 1905 - The Great Northern Railway builds a line through the county, boosting transportation and economic opportunities.
  • 1913 - A destructive grasshopper infestation impacts agriculture in the region.
  • 1930s - The Great Depression causes economic hardship and challenges for Renville County residents.
  • 1940s - The discovery of oil in the area leads to increased drilling, production, and economic growth.
  • 1952 - Glenburn becomes the current county seat.
  • 1997 - The Renville County Historical Society is formed, preserving and promoting the county's history.
  • 2010 - The US Census reports a population of 2,470 people in Renville County.