North Dakota was the first state to provide free high school education to all of its residents, starting in 1905. This early commitment to education helped North Dakota develop one of the highest rates of high school graduation in the country.
Mountrail County, North Dakota, has a rich history that spans thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara, and Sioux. These tribes depended on the nearby Missouri River for fishing, hunting, and transportation.

In the 1800s, European settlers began to arrive in the area, establishing the first permanent settlements. Mountrail County was officially organized in 1909, named after Mountrail County, Michigan. The county quickly became an important agricultural region, with wheat and other crops being the primary source of income for settlers.

During the 1930s, Mountrail County, like the rest of the Great Plains, was severely affected by the Dust Bowl. A combination of drought, poor farming practices, and strong winds led to massive dust storms that devastated the agricultural industry. Many families were forced to abandon their farms and leave the area in search of better opportunities.

In recent years, Mountrail County has experienced an economic boom due to the discovery of oil in the Bakken Formation. This has led to a rapid increase in population, as well as significant economic growth and job opportunities. The oil industry has brought both positive and negative effects to the county, with increased revenue but also concerns about the environment and infrastructure development. Today, Mountrail County continues to be a thriving rural community with a diverse economy and natural beauty.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Mountrail County, North Dakota.

  • 1800s: Mountrail County was home to various Native American tribes, including the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara.
  • 1837: The area was explored by fur trappers and traders.
  • 1873: The Fort Berthold Indian Reservation was established, encompassing a large portion of Mountrail County.
  • 1912: Mountrail County was officially organized and became a county in North Dakota.
  • 1951: The discovery of oil in the Parshall Oil Field led to a significant economic boom in Mountrail County.
  • 1954: A severe drought hit the region, causing widespread crop failures and economic hardships.
  • 1964: Construction of the Garrison Dam on the Missouri River was completed, resulting in the creation of Lake Sakakawea.
  • 2010: Due to a resurgence in oil production, Mountrail County experienced population growth and increased economic activity.