North Dakota was once home to a thriving wheat-growing industry that helped it earn the nickname "The Breadbasket of the World." The state's fertile soil and favorable weather conditions made it an ideal location for wheat farming, and many farmers still grow wheat there today.
Eddy County, North Dakota, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Sioux and Mandan tribes, who relied on the land's resources for their livelihood. European settlers began to arrive in the mid-19th century, drawn by the fertile soil and opportunities for farming.

Eddy County was officially established in 1885 and named after Ezra B. Eddy, a prominent politician and businessman in the region. The county's early years were marked by the rapid growth of agriculture, with settlers cultivating crops such as wheat, corn, and barley. The construction of railroads in the late 19th and early 20th centuries further fueled the county's development, allowing for easier transportation of goods and people.

The early 20th century saw significant advancements in technology and infrastructure in Eddy County. The introduction of electric power and telephone services improved daily life for residents, while the growth of towns like New Rockford and Sheyenne brought new businesses and opportunities. World War II brought change as well, with many residents participating in the war effort and the county experiencing a decrease in population.

In recent years, Eddy County has focused on maintaining and preserving its agricultural heritage while also embracing new industries. The county boasts vast open spaces, scenic landscapes, and a strong sense of community. Today, Eddy County is not only known for its thriving agricultural industry but also for its natural beauty, outdoor recreational activities, and historical attractions that highlight its unique past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Eddy County, North Dakota.

  • 1818 - The area that would become Eddy County is explored by fur traders and trappers.
  • 1865 - The first permanent Euro-American settler, Thomas Durfee, arrives in the area.
  • 1874 - Eddy County is officially established, named after Ezra B. Eddy, a sergeant in the American Civil War.
  • 1883 - The Great Northern Railway reaches the county, spurring growth and development.
  • 1885 - The town of New Rockford is founded and becomes the county seat.
  • 1890 - Census records show a population of over 3,500 residents in Eddy County.
  • 1924 - The Sheyenne River is dammed to create the New Rockford Dam, providing hydroelectric power and recreational opportunities.
  • 1941-1945 - Eddy County experiences an economic boom during World War II, with increased agricultural production and the establishment of military training camps in the area.
  • 1972 - The Eddy County Courthouse is added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1980 - The population of Eddy County reaches its peak at over 6,000 residents.
  • 2002 - Eddy County celebrates its 125th anniversary with various events and community gatherings.