The town of Rugby, North Dakota is considered to be the geographical center of North America. A stone marker in the town's courthouse square marks the exact location of the center.
Bottineau County, North Dakota, has a rich and diverse history dating back to its early settlement by Native American tribes. The land was originally inhabited by the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes, who used the area for hunting and gathering. In the early 1800s, European explorers, fur traders, and missionaries arrived, leading to increased trade and interactions between Native Americans and settlers.

In the late 1800s, as railroad expansion reached the region, more settlers arrived in Bottineau County. The area was officially organized as a county in 1885, named after Pierre Bottineau, a prominent M├ętis fur trader and guide. Agriculture soon became the county's primary industry, as settlers cleared the land and established farms to cultivate crops and raise livestock.

Bottineau County's growth continued throughout the early 20th century. The county experienced a population boom, driven by an influx of immigrants, especially from Scandinavia. The land's fertile soil and favorable climate proved to be beneficial for farming, and the county soon became known as the "Garden Spot of North Dakota." Wheat, barley, flax, and other crops thrived, contributing to the county's economic prosperity.

Over the years, Bottineau County has also been known for its natural beauty and recreational opportunities. The Turtle Mountains, located in the southern part of the county, provide scenic views, hiking trails, and opportunities for outdoor activities, attracting tourists and visitors from near and far. Today, Bottineau County continues to embrace its agricultural heritage while also diversifying its economy, with tourism and outdoor recreation playing an increasingly important role.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Bottineau County, North Dakota.

  • 1884: Bottineau County is established.
  • 1886: The first railroad line is built in the county.
  • 1893: The city of Bottineau is incorporated.
  • 1896: The first newspaper in Bottineau County, "The Bottineau Courant," is published.
  • 1915: The Bottineau County Courthouse is built.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression affects Bottineau County, leading to economic hardships.
  • 1950s: Bottineau County experiences an agricultural boom.
  • 1960: Lake Metigoshe State Park is established.
  • 1975: Turtle Mountain Community College is founded in Bottineau.
  • 1998: The International Peace Garden, located partly in Bottineau County, celebrates its 60th anniversary.