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The town of Saluda, North Carolina, is home to the steepest standard-gauge mainline railway grade in the United States, with a gradient of 4.7%.
Scotland County, located in the southeastern part of North Carolina, has a rich and storied history dating back to the early 18th century. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Lumbee and Cheraw, who lived off the land and maintained a strong cultural presence.

European settlement in the area began in the mid-1700s, with Scottish immigrants being among the first to establish communities. The county was officially formed in 1899 and named after Scotland, the ancestral home of many early settlers. Agriculture played a vital role in the economy, with tobacco, cotton, and corn being the main crops grown. The county's fertile soil and favorable climate made it an ideal location for farming.

During the tumultuous years of the Civil War, Scotland County experienced its fair share of hardships. The area saw several battles and skirmishes, including the Battle of Monroe's Crossroads in 1865, which remains one of the county's most significant historical events. The aftermath of the war brought challenges to the local economy, but the resilience of the community led to a gradual recovery.

In the 20th century, Scotland County underwent significant changes with the decline of agriculture and the rise of industrialization. Manufacturing and textile factories established themselves in the area, providing new job opportunities for residents. Today, the county continues to thrive, with a diverse economy and a growing population. Its rich history is celebrated through various cultural events and attractions, including the John Blue House and Agricultural Heritage Museum, which showcases the county's agricultural past. Overall, Scotland County's history is a testament to the strength and spirit of its resilient community.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Scotland County, North Carolina.

  • 1784: Scotland County is formed from part of Bladen County.
  • 1883: Laurinburg is incorporated as the county seat.
  • 1899: The first railroad, the Carolina Central Railroad, is completed in the county.
  • 1904: St. Andrews Presbyterian College is founded in Laurinburg.
  • 1920s: The tobacco industry booms in Scotland County.
  • 1966: The Scotland Memorial Hospital is opened.
  • 1997: The Laurinburg-Maxton Army Air Base, now known as the Laurinburg-Maxton Airport, is designated as a military training site for Airborne operations.
  • 2010: Scotland County celebrates its bicentennial anniversary.