North Carolina was the site of the first gold rush in the United States, in the early 1800s. The town of Charlotte was named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III of England.
Randolph County, located in central North Carolina, holds a rich and diverse history that stretches back centuries. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cheraw and the Saura, before European settlers arrived in the late 18th century. The county was named in honor of Peyton Randolph, the first president of the Continental Congress, and was officially established in 1778.

In its early years, agriculture played a significant role in Randolph County's economy, with the fertile land ideal for growing crops like tobacco, corn, and wheat. The introduction of the railroad in the mid-19th century further spurred growth and development, leading to the establishment of towns like Asheboro and Randleman. Textile manufacturing also gained prominence during this time, with numerous mills springing up in the county.

Randolph County's involvement in the Civil War left a lasting impact on the region. Many of its residents served in the Confederate Army, and the county faced various challenges during Reconstruction. Despite these struggles, the community rebounded and continued to prosper, diversifying its economy and welcoming new industries such as furniture manufacturing.

In recent decades, Randolph County has become a hub for education and technology. The establishment of Randolph Community College in 1962 and the acquisition of a Honda manufacturing facility in the 1980s have furthered economic growth and contributed to the county's reputation as a center of innovation. Today, Randolph County retains its agricultural roots while embracing modern industries and is known for its charming small towns, rich cultural heritage, and vibrant community spirit.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Randolph County, North Carolina.

  • 1779 - Randolph County is established as part of Guilford County.
  • 1783 - The county borders are formally defined.
  • 1787 - Asheboro is established as the county seat.
  • 1800 - The first courthouse and jail are built in Asheboro.
  • 1830 - Randolph County's population reaches over 12,000.
  • 1840 - The town of Trinity is incorporated.
  • 1859 - The first railroad in the county, the Carthage and Gulf Railroad, opens.
  • 1861-1865 - Randolph County residents participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1905 - The town of Randleman is incorporated.
  • 1909 - Randolph County's first hospital, St. Leo's Hospital, is established.
  • 1923 - The town of Franklinville is incorporated.
  • 1935 - The Civilian Conservation Corps establishes Camp Dickey in the county.
  • 1945 - The Randall Jarrell Library, named after the famous poet, opens in Asheboro.
  • 1996 - The North Carolina Zoo, located in Asheboro, expands to become the largest natural habitat zoo in the world.