During the Civil War, North Carolina was the second to last state to secede from the Union, doing so on May 20, 1861, and sending more soldiers to fight for the Confederacy than any other state.
Pitt County, located in eastern North Carolina, has a rich history that dates back centuries. The region was originally home to Native American tribes, including the Tuscarora, who inhabited the area until the 17th century. European settlers began arriving in the 18th century, establishing farms and plantations.

In 1760, a man named William Irwin purchased land in the area that would become present-day Greenville, the county seat of Pitt County. The region saw significant growth in the early 19th century, thanks in part to the construction of the Tar River Navigation Company, which allowed for easier transportation of goods and boosted agricultural production.

During the Civil War, Pitt County experienced its fair share of turmoil. Despite being located in a Confederate state, there were pockets of Unionist sentiment in the area. In fact, some Pitt County residents formed a group known as the "Fire Eaters," who actively opposed the secession of North Carolina from the Union.

After the war, Pitt County continued to grow and develop. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the region became a center for agriculture, particularly tobacco production and processing. Textile mills also played a significant role in the area's economy, with Greenville becoming a hub for the textile industry in the region.

Today, Pitt County is a thriving community with a diverse economy that includes healthcare, education, and agriculture. The region's history is celebrated through various cultural and historical landmarks, including the East Carolina Village of Yesteryear, which provides a glimpse into the county's past.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Pitt County, North Carolina.

  • 1660: Native American tribes occupy the area that is now Pitt County.
  • 1730s: European settlers begin to establish themselves in the region.
  • 1760: The county is officially formed and named after William Pitt the Elder, the British Prime Minister.
  • 1777: The county courthouse is built in what is now Greenville.
  • 1831: The first newspaper, "The Star," is published in Pitt County.
  • 1865: The Civil War ends, and Pitt County begins the process of reconstruction.
  • 1894: East Carolina Teachers Training School (now East Carolina University) is established in Greenville.
  • 1911: The first hospital, Pitt County Memorial Hospital (now Vidant Medical Center), opens its doors.
  • 1961: East Carolina College becomes East Carolina University.
  • 2003: The city of Greenville becomes the first Gigabit City in North Carolina, offering ultra-high-speed internet access.