The North Carolina State Capitol building in Raleigh was built in the Greek Revival style and completed in 1840. It is one of the oldest state capitol buildings in continuous use in the United States.
Hyde County, located in eastern North Carolina, has a rich and varied history that dates back centuries. First settled by indigenous peoples, the area eventually came under English control during the colonial period. The county was officially established in 1705 and named after Edward Hyde, who was the governor of colonial North Carolina at the time.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Hyde County was primarily an agricultural region, with plantations producing crops like cotton and tobacco. However, the area's physical geography, characterized by swamps and creeks, made large-scale farming difficult. As a result, many small family farms thrived instead.

One notable event in Hyde County's history occurred during the Civil War. Due to its location on the coast, the area was vulnerable to Union forces. In 1861, Confederate troops established Fort Ocracoke to defend against potential attacks. However, Union naval forces conquered the fort a year later, leading to more extensive Union control over the area.

In the 20th century, commercial fishing and hunting emerged as important industries in Hyde County. The region's unique blend of fresh and saltwater environments made it a prime location for oyster harvesting, which has remained a significant industry to this day. Additionally, the area's natural beauty has attracted tourists interested in hunting and outdoor recreational activities.

Today, Hyde County continues to be a rural area with a small population. It retains its connection to its rich history through historical sites, such as the Hyde County Courthouse, which was built in 1854 and is still in use. The county's unique geography and strong ties to the land and water have shaped its past and continue to influence its present identity.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Hyde County, North Carolina.

  • 1663: Hyde County is established, named after Edward Hyde, a governor of North Carolina.
  • 1705: The county seat is established in what is now the town of Swan Quarter.
  • 1712: The first recorded land grant in Hyde County is made to Thomas Swann.
  • 1739: The county courthouse is constructed in Swan Quarter.
  • 1776: Hyde County residents join the American Revolution and fight for independence.
  • 1795: Ocracoke Island becomes part of Hyde County.
  • 1819: Construction of a lighthouse on Ocracoke Island is completed.
  • 1863: Union troops occupy Hyde County during the Civil War.
  • 1870: The population of Hyde County reaches its peak at around 10,000.
  • 1928: A major hurricane, known as the Okeechobee hurricane, devastates Hyde County.
  • 1932: The Great Depression leads to economic decline in Hyde County.
  • 1983: The Lake Mattamuskeet Lodge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.