National Register Listings in
Guilford County, North Carolina

Adams, John H., House Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina Historic District Beeson, Col. Isaac, House Benbow, Charles, House Benbow, Jesse, House II Bennett College Historic District Blandwood Blue Bell Company Plant Buffalo Presbyterian Church and Cemetery Bumpas-Troy House Carolina Cadillac Company Building Carolina Casket Company Carter, Wilbur and Martha, House Central Fire Station College Hill Historic District Deep River Friends Meeting House and Cemetery Dixon-Leftwich-Murphy House Downtown Greensboro Historic District Dudley, James Benson, Senior High School and Gymnasium East White Oak School, Former Endsley-Morgan House Enterprise Building Fields, William, House First Baptist Church Fisher Park Historic District Fisher Park Historic District (Boundary Increase) Forney, Edward J., House Foust, Daniel P., House Foust, Julius I., Building Foust-Carpenter and Dean Dick Farms Galloway,John Marion, House Gardner House Gibsonville School Grayson, Dr. C. S., House Green Hill Cemetery Gatekeeper's House Greensboro Historical Museum Greensboro Senior High School Guilford College Guilford College Historic District (Boundary Decrease) Guilford County Courthouse Guilford County Office and Court Building Guilford Mill Haley, John, House Hardee Apartments Highland Cotton Mills Village Historic District Hillsdale Brick Store Hillside Holly Gate Hoskins House Historic District Ireland, Charles H., House Irving Park Historic District Jamestown High School, Former Jamestown Historic District Jay, Allen, School Rock Gymnasium Jefferson Standard Building Kellenberger Estate Kilby Hotel Kimrey-Haworth House Kirkman, O. Arthur, House and Outbuildings Kirkman, O. Arthur, House and Outbuildings (Boundary Increase) Latham-Baker House Low House Lyndon Street Townhouses Martin, Harden Thomas, House McIver, Charles D., School, Former McLean, Dr. Joseph A., House Melrose Hosiery Mill No. 1 Mendenhall, Richard, Plantation Buildings Minneola Manufacturing Company Cloth Warehouse Mock, Judson, Voehringer Company Hosiery Mill Model Farm Oak Ridge Military Academy Historic District Oakdale Cotton Mill Village Oakwood Historic District Palmer Memorial Institute Historic District Penn, William, High School Pomona High School, Former Proximity Print Works Ragsdale Farm Revolution Cotton Mills Richardson, L., Memorial Hospital, Former Scott, Thomas, House Shaw-Cude House Sherrod Park Sherwood, Michael, House Siceloff, J. C., House Smith, Francis Marion, House Smith, William Rankin and Elizabeth Wharton, House South Greensboro Historic District Sternberger, Sigmund, House Summerfield Historic District Summerfield School Gymnasium and Community Center Summit Avenue Historic District Sunset Hills Historic District Tabernacle Methodist Protestant Church and Cemetery Taplin, A. E., Apartment Building Tomlinson Chair Manufacturing Company Complex Union Cemetery United States Post Office and Court House Uptown Suburbs Historic District Wadsworth Congregational Church Wafco Mills Wagoner, Simeon, House Washington Street Historic District Weir, Dr. David P., House West High Street Historic District West Market Street Methodist Episcopal Church, South White Oak New Town Historic District Whitsett Historic District Willis, James H. and Anne B., House Wilson, Lucy and J. Vassie, House World War Memorial Stadium
North Carolina was one of the original 13 colonies and was the first state to declare independence from England's Crown.
Guilford County, located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, has a rich and diverse history dating back to its founding in 1771. The county was named after Francis North, the first Earl of Guilford, who served as British Prime Minister during the American Revolution.

During the Revolutionary War, Guilford County played a significant role as it was a common battleground for American and British forces. One of the most notable events was the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in 1781, where General Nathanael Greene's Continental Army engaged British troops led by General Cornwallis. Though the British claimed victory, their losses were substantial and led to their eventual retreat from the state.

In the years following the war, Guilford County experienced rapid growth and development. The arrival of the North Carolina Railroad in the 1850s brought increased trade and commerce to the area, stimulating the local economy. The county also became a prominent center for textile manufacturing, with numerous mills and factories established.

The 20th century brought further changes to Guilford County. World War II brought new opportunities for industrial expansion, with the establishment of military bases and manufacturing plants. The cities of Greensboro and High Point saw significant growth and became major economic and cultural centers in the region.

Today, Guilford County continues to be a thriving and diverse community. Its rich history is celebrated and preserved through numerous historical sites, including the Guilford Courthouse National Military Park and the Greensboro Historical Museum. The county also boasts a vibrant arts scene, educational institutions, and a strong sense of community, making it a desirable place to live, work, and visit.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Guilford County, North Carolina.

  • 1771 - Guilford County is formed from parts of Rowan and Orange Counties.
  • 1781 - The Battle of Guilford Courthouse, a significant American Revolutionary War battle, takes place in present-day Greensboro.
  • 1808 - Greensboro is established as the county seat.
  • 1871 - The city of High Point is incorporated.
  • 1889 - The town of Jamestown is incorporated.
  • 1891 - The city of Greensboro is incorporated.
  • 1893 - The town of Gibsonville is incorporated.
  • 1907 - The city of High Point becomes the county seat.
  • 1949 - The town of Oak Ridge is incorporated.
  • 1974 - The city of Greensboro becomes the county seat once again.