Greene County, North Carolina

Greene County, located in the eastern part of North Carolina, has a rich and diverse history. The area that is now Greene County was originally home to Native American tribes such as the Tuscarora and the Lenape. European settlers arrived in the late 17th century, and the region became part of the British colonial province known as Carolina.

In the 18th century, Greene County witnessed the growth of agriculture, particularly the cultivation of rice, tobacco, and cotton. This period also saw the establishment of small communities and the rise of plantation culture in the area. During the American Revolutionary War, Greene County was an active participant, with many locals joining the fight for independence.

The county was officially established in 1799 and named after Nathanael Greene, a Revolutionary War general. Throughout the 19th century, agriculture continued to dominate the local economy, and slavery played a significant role in supporting the plantation system. However, in the later part of the century, the decline of cotton cultivation and the devastation caused by the Civil War led to economic struggles for the county.

Following the Civil War, Greene County witnessed gradual recovery and the diversification of its economy. The arrival of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in the late 19th century opened new opportunities for trade and commerce. The early 20th century brought with it the growth of industry, particularly in the tobacco and textile sectors. Today, Greene County is a rural community with a strong agricultural heritage, and its residents take pride in the county's history and cultural traditions.
Brief timeline of the history of Greene County, North Carolina:

  • 1714 - Greene County becomes part of Bath County, one of North Carolina's original precincts.
  • 1746 - Greene County becomes part of Beaufort County.
  • 1778 - Greene County is established from parts of Beaufort and Dobbs counties.
  • 1783 - The county is named Greene in honor of Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene.
  • 1800s - Agriculture, particularly tobacco and livestock production, form the basis of the county's economy.
  • 1843 - Snow Hill becomes the county seat.
  • 1861-1865 - The Civil War greatly impacts Greene County, causing significant disruption and loss of life.
  • Late 1800s - Railroad expansion contributes to economic growth.
  • 1900s - Greene County experiences multiple hurricanes and floods, leading to damage and loss of life.
  • 1960s - Desegregation of schools occurs in Greene County.
  • 2000s - The county continues to focus on agriculture while also diversifying its economy through the growth of manufacturing and services.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Greene County, North Carolina.