National Register Listings in
Cumberland County, North Carolina

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Station Barge's Tavern Belden-Horne House Big Rockfish Presbyterian Church Brownlea Camp Ground Methodist Church Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railway Passenger Depot Cape Fear Baptist Church Capitol, The Carolina Theater Cool Spring Place Cool Springs Cross Creek Cemetery Number One Cumberland County Courthouse Davis, John, House Devane-MacQueen House Ellerslie Evans Metropolitan AME Zion Church Falcon Tabernacle Fayetteville Downtown Historic District Fayetteville Ice and Manufacturing Company:Plant and Engineer's House Fayetteville Mutual Insurance Company Building Fayetteville Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District Fayetteville Women's Club and Oval Ballroom First Baptist Church First Presbyterian Church Gully Mill Hangars 4 and 5, Pope Air Force Base Hay Street Methodist Church Haymount District Haymount Historic District (Boundary Increase) Holt-Harrison House Hope Mills Historic District Kyle House Liberty Row M & O Chevrolet Company Mansard Roof House Market House Market House Square District Massey Hill High School Maxwell House McArthur-Council House McCall House McDiarmid, William, House McLean, Henry, House Nimocks House Oak Grove Oates, John A., House Old Bluff Presbyterian Church Orange Street School Patterson, John E., House Phoenix Masonic Lodge No. 8 Poe, Edgar Allan, House Pope Air Force Base Historic District Prince Charles Hotel Sedberry-Holmes House Seventy-First Consolidated School Smith, Dr. Ezekiel Ezra, House St. John's Episcopal Church St. Joseph's Episcopal Church Stedman, Frank H., House Strange, Robert, Country House Taylor-Utley House U.S. Post Office Verdery, Dr. William C., House Waddill's Store Westlawn Williams, Robert, House
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North Carolina was the site of the first successful powered flight of a helicopter, which occurred in Asheville in 1924.
Cumberland County, North Carolina, has a rich history that dates back to the 18th century. The area was first inhabited by indigenous tribes, including the Tuscarora and Lumbee peoples. European settlers began arriving in the mid-1700s, with the establishment of Cross Creek and Campbellton, two important trading posts that would later merge to become Fayetteville, the county seat.

During the American Revolutionary War, Cumberland County played a significant role. The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in 1776 was a major victory for Patriot forces and helped secure the southern colonies. The county also saw the construction of several military installations, including the Fayetteville Arsenal, which produced weapons and supplies for the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

In the 19th century, Cumberland County experienced rapid growth and prosperity. The advent of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in the late 1800s brought economic opportunities and led to the development of towns like Hope Mills and Spring Lake. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, was a major industry, with many plantations dotting the landscape.

In the 20th century, Cumberland County continued to evolve. The establishment of Fort Bragg in 1918 marked the beginning of a close relationship between the military and the community. Over the years, Fort Bragg has grown to become one of the largest military installations in the world, greatly impacting the local economy and shaping the county's identity.

Today, Cumberland County remains a vibrant and diverse community. It is home to over 330,000 residents and offers a mix of cultural, educational, and recreational opportunities. Its historical significance, military presence, and natural beauty make it a truly unique and dynamic part of North Carolina.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Cumberland County, North Carolina.

  • 1664 - Cumberland County is formed from a portion of Bladen County.
  • 1743 - The county seat is established in Cross Creek, later known as Fayetteville.
  • 1775-1783 - The American Revolutionary War affects Cumberland County, with numerous battles and skirmishes taking place in the area.
  • 1783 - The county seat is officially named Fayetteville in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette.
  • 1825 - The Fayetteville Arsenal is built, becoming an important military facility.
  • 1861-1865 - Cumberland County is significantly impacted by the American Civil War, with several battles occurring in the region.
  • 1899 - The Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railway reaches Fayetteville, spurring economic growth.
  • 1918 - Camp Bragg (later renamed Fort Bragg) is established near Fayetteville, leading to increased military presence and economic development.
  • 1950s-1960s - Cumberland County experiences significant growth and urbanization due to military installations and the aerospace industry.
  • 1990 - Fayetteville annexes a large portion of Cumberland County, significantly increasing its population.
  • Present - Cumberland County continues to thrive as a diverse and vibrant community, encompassing both urban and rural areas.