National Register Listings in
Buncombe County, North Carolina

Adams, Judge Junius G., House Alexander, Mrs. Minnie, Cottage All Souls Episcopal Church and Parish House Arcade Building Asheville City Hall Asheville High School Asheville School Asheville Transfer and Storage Company Building B & B Motor Company Building Baird, Zebulon H., House Barker, Clarence, Memorial Hospital Barrett, Dr. John G. & Nannie H., Farm Battery Park Hotel Bent Creek Campus of the Appalachian Forest Experiment Station Bent Creek Campus of the Appalachian Forest Experiment Station (Boundary Decrease) Biltmore Estate Biltmore Estate Office Biltmore Hardware Building Biltmore Hospital Biltmore Industries, Inc. Biltmore Shoe Store Biltmore Village Commercial Buildings Biltmore Village Cottage District Biltmore Village Cottages Biltmore-Oteen Bank Building Black Mountain College Historic District Black Mountain Downtown Historic District Blake House Bledsoe Building Blue Ridge Assembly Historic District Breese, William E., Sr., House Brigman-Chambers House Broadway Market Building Bryan, William Jennings, House Building at 130-132 Biltmore Avenue Building at 134-136 1/2 Biltmore Avenue Building at 140 Biltmore Avenue Buncombe County Boys' Training School, (Former) Buncombe County Courthouse Camp Academy Camp, William Nelson, Jr., House Carter-Swain House Chestnut Hill Historic District Chiles, James Madison and Leah Arcouet, House Church of St. Lawrence Church of the Redeemer Claxton School Clingman Avenue Historic District Conabeer Chrysler Building Demens-Rumbough-Crawley House Dougherty Heights Historic District Downtown Asheville Historic District Downtown Asheville Historic District (Boundary Increase II) Downtown Asheville Historic District (Boundary Increase III and Boundary Decrease) Downtown Asheville Historic District (Boundary Increase) E. D. Latta Nurses' Residence Eliada Home Eller, Joseph P., House Ellington, Douglas, House Elmore, Bruce A. and June L., Lustron House Engadine Fire Station Number 4 First Baptist Church Foster's Log Cabin Court George A. Mears House Grove Park Historic District Grove Park Historic District (Boundary Increase) Grove Park Inn Guastavino, Rafael, Sr., Estate Gunston Hall Intheoaks Jarrett, Thomas, House Kenilworth Inn Lanning, John A., House Manor and Cottages McCracken, Dr. Cireo McAfee, House McGeahy Building Monte Vista Hotel Montford Area Historic District Municipal Golf Course North Carolina Electrical Power Company Electric Generating Plant Norwood Park Historic District Oteen Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District Ottari Sanitarium Overlook Proximity Park Historic District Raoul, Thomas Wadley, House Ravenscroft School Reed, Samuel Harrison, House Reynolds House Reynolds, Dr. Carl V., House Rice-Cornell-Brown House Richbourg Motors Building Richmond Hill House Riverside Industrial Historic District S And W Cafeteria Sawyer Motor Company Building Schoenberger Hall Seven Oaks Sherrill's Inn Smith, Richard Sharp, House Smith, Whitford G., House Smith-McDowell House South Montreat Road Historic District Southern Railway Passenger Depot Spinning Wheel St. Luke's Episcopal Church St. Mary's Church St. Matthias Episcopal Church Sunset Terrace Historic District Thomas Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church Vance, Kate and Charles Noel, House Weaverville United Methodist Church West Asheville End of Car Line Historic District West Asheville-Aycock School Historic District West Asheville-Aycock School Historic District (Boundary Increase) Wolfe, Thomas, House Young Men's Institute Building Zealandia
The North Carolina State Capitol building in Raleigh was built in the Greek Revival style and completed in 1840. It is one of the oldest state capitol buildings in continuous use in the United States.
Buncombe County, located in the western part of North Carolina, has a rich and vibrant history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cherokee people, who had a thriving civilization in the region long before European settlers arrived.

The first European explorers arrived in the 16th century, but it wasn't until the late 18th century that Buncombe County was officially established. The county was named after Colonel Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary War hero. Settlement in the area began to increase rapidly as pioneers migrated westward, attracted by the fertile land, scenic beauty, and abundant natural resources.

During the 19th century, Buncombe County experienced significant growth and development. The construction of the Western North Carolina Railroad in the mid-1800s brought increased accessibility and economic opportunities to the area. Asheville, the county seat and largest city, became a popular destination for visitors seeking the cool mountain climate and natural beauty of the region.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Buncombe County benefited from the rise of the tourism industry, as wealthy individuals began building summer estates and luxurious hotels in the area. Asheville, in particular, became known for its grand architecture and vibrant cultural scene. The Biltmore Estate, the largest privately owned house in the United States, was built in Asheville by George Vanderbilt and continues to attract visitors from around the world.

Today, Buncombe County is a thriving place with a diverse economy that includes tourism, healthcare, manufacturing, and technology sectors. The county continues to embrace its rich history while looking toward the future with a focus on sustainable development and preserving the unique character of the region.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Buncombe County, North Carolina.

  • 1787 - Buncombe County is established and named after Edward Buncombe, a colonel in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1803 - Asheville becomes the county seat of Buncombe County.
  • 1830 - The Buncombe Turnpike is completed, connecting Asheville to Tennessee and facilitating trade and settlement in the region.
  • 1861-1865 - Buncombe County supports the Confederacy during the American Civil War, with many residents serving in the Confederate Army.
  • 1880s - The arrival of the railroad in Buncombe County sparks economic growth and development.
  • 1927 - Construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway begins, offering scenic views and attracting tourists to Buncombe County.
  • 1930s-1940s - The Great Depression and World War II bring significant challenges to the county's economy.
  • 1980s - Buncombe County experiences a revitalization with the growth of tourism, arts, and outdoor recreation.
  • 1995 - Asheville's historic Biltmore Estate celebrates its 100th anniversary as a popular tourist attraction.
  • 2013 - The Omni Grove Park Inn, a landmark hotel in Buncombe County, celebrates its 100th anniversary.