North Carolina has a rich African-American history, including the establishment of the first free black community in the United States, known as the Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony, during the Civil War.
Avery County, located in the picturesque Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina, has a rich history steeped in tradition and resilience. Originally inhabited by Native American tribes, European settlers began to explore the region in the late 17th century. However, it wasn't until the mid-19th century that Avery County was officially established in 1911 with a population mostly composed of Scotch-Irish and German settlers.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the timber industry played a crucial role in the county's development. The abundant forests provided ample resources for logging, leading to the establishment of several sawmills and attracting workers to the region. The timber industry thrived for several decades, bolstering the local economy and shaping the landscape.

Avery County faced economic challenges during the Great Depression, as sawmill operations declined and unemployment surged. However, the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt aimed at improving the nation's economy helped spur the county's recovery. The establishment of the Blue Ridge Parkway in the 1930s also brought tourism and economic opportunities to Avery County.

In more recent years, Avery County has diversified its economy, focusing on tourism, agriculture, and small-scale manufacturing. The county's exceptional natural beauty, including attractions like Grandfather Mountain and the Linville Gorge, continues to draw visitors seeking outdoor adventures and stunning vistas. Today, Avery County embraces its heritage while looking towards the future, balancing its unique cultural and natural resources to promote sustainable growth and community development.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Avery County, North Carolina.

  • 1828: Avery County is established on February 23 from parts of Burke County, Caldwell County, and Watauga County.
  • 1861-1865: Avery County residents actively participate in the American Civil War, with many serving in the Confederate Army.
  • 1873: Linville Post Office is established.
  • 1911: The Avery County Farm-Life School, a boarding school, is opened in Newland.
  • 1921: In September, Linville Caverns is discovered and quickly becomes a tourist attraction.
  • 1925: The Blue Ridge Parkway Association is formed, with a plan to construct a scenic highway through Avery County.
  • 1935: Construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway begins in Avery County.
  • 1941-1945: Many young men from Avery County serve in World War II.
  • 1951: Grandfather Mountain, located partly in Avery County, opens as a tourist attraction.
  • 1971: Sugar Mountain Resort, one of North Carolina's premier ski resorts, opens in Avery County.
  • 1995: Linville Golf Club is established, attracting golfers from around the country.