Historical Markers in
Alamance County, North Carolina

1763 Providence A Legacy of Community A Memorial to British Troops Who Died in the Old Meeting House A Revolutionary War Connection African Americans in the Mill Village After the Whistle Blows Alamance Cotton Mill Alamance County Confederate Memorial Alamance County Courthouse Alamance County War Memorial Alexander Mebane Alexander Wilson Allen House B. Everett Jordan Battle of Alamance Battle of Alamance Battle of Alamance Battle of Alamance Monument Battle of Clapp's Mill Battle of Clapp's Mill Bingham School Built to House the Alamance Gleaner Calling the Mill Village 'Home' Camp Alamance Cane Creek Friends Meeting Since 1751 / Abigail Overman Pike 1709 - 1781 Cane Creek Meeting Cane Creek Meeting House Captain James W. White House Carriage Shed Cedarock Historical Farm Charles Richard Drew Children in the Mill Village Churches Colonial Column Cotton Dust and Poverty Dentzel Carousel Early Railroads Elon University Ernest Peter Dixon First Battle of the Revolution Freedom Hill Church Friendship Academy and High School General John Butler Glencoe - Company Office and Store Glencoe - Grist Mill and Dam Site Glencoe - Life in the Mill Village Glencoe - The Marshall Family House Site Glencoe - The School Glencoe - Two-Story Workers' Houses Glencoe Management Houses Glencoe Mill Glencoe Mill Village Governor Tryon and the Militia Graham College Graham's First Bank Hawfields Church Henry Jerome Stockard J. Spencer Love John and Polly Garrett House John Butler Johnston Moves West Johnston Moves West Johnston Moves West Johnston Moves West Kirk-Holden War Lindley's Mill Living in a Mill-Centered World Lodge Hall and Barber Shop McCray School Men in the Mill Village Micajah McPherson Michael Holt II Montwhite Building Mt. Hermon Meeting House Nathaniel Polk DeShong National Bank of Alamance Neighbors Divided Norfolk & Western Caboose #518654 North Carolina Railroad Oak Grove Plantation Occaneechi in the Service Original Garrett House Originally a Wing of the Union Hotel Picker House and Dye House Pine Hill Cemetery - Veterans Memorial Pioneer Plant Pleasant Grove High School Post Office Power, Wheel House and Turbine Providence Church & Cemetery Pugh's Rock Pyle's Defeat Pyle's Defeat Saxapahaw September 13, 1781 Snow Camp Spring Friends Meeting St. Paul's Lutheran Church The Animals of a Turn of the Century Farm The Battle of Lindley's Mill The Battle of Lindley's Mill Memorial The Battle of the Alamance The Corn Crib The Harden House The John Allen House The Mill Buildings The Regulators' Field The Rise of the Textile Mill Communities Thomas M. Holt Trading Path Trading Path Tryon's Camp Tryon’s Camp Uncle Eli's Quilting Party Union Ridge Church Vestal Hotel W. Kerr Scott White Furniture Women in the Mill Village Working the Shift Wrike Drug "Elmhurst"
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North Carolina was one of the original 13 colonies and was the first state to declare independence from England's Crown.
Alamance County, located in North Carolina, has a rich and diverse history that spans over centuries. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Occaneechi and Sissipahaw tribes. The first European settlers arrived in the early 18th century, primarily of English, Irish, and German descent.

In the late 18th century, Alamance County played a significant role in the American Revolution. The Battle of Alamance took place in 1771, which was fought between colonial rebels called the Regulators and British Governor William Tryon's militia. Although the Regulators were ultimately defeated, this event highlighted growing discontent among North Carolina residents towards British rule and served as a precursor to the American Revolution.

During the 19th century, Alamance County's economy was primarily based on agriculture, particularly in growing cotton, tobacco, and grain. Slavery was prominent in the area, with many plantations and large farms relying on enslaved labor. The county also witnessed significant growth in textile manufacturing with the establishment of numerous cotton mills in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Alamance County continued to evolve in the 20th century, experiencing industrialization and urbanization. The county saw the rise of manufacturing industries such as textile mills, furniture factories, and tobacco processing plants. These industries provided employment opportunities and attracted a diverse population. Today, Alamance County is known for its vibrant communities, thriving economy, and its historical significance, offering a fascinating glimpse into North Carolina's past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Alamance County, North Carolina.

  • 1849 - Alamance County is formed from parts of Orange County and Randolph County
  • 1881 - The first railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, reaches Alamance County
  • 1886 - The town of Burlington is incorporated
  • 1963 - The Alamance County Historical Museum is established
  • 1967 - Alamance Community College is founded
  • 1997 - The North Carolina Zoological Park opens its off-site Conservation Center in Alamance County
  • 2001 - The Textile Heritage Museum is founded in Glencoe, Alamance County