National Register Listings in
Missoula County, Montana

Apartment Building at 116 Spruce Street Atlantic Hotel Bellows House Belmont Hotel Bluebird Building Brunswick Hotel Camp Paxson Boy Scout Camp (24MO77) Carlton Community Church Carnegie Public Library Christie, Thomas J., House Cook Farm DeSmet Schoolhouse Dixon-Duncan Block Double Arrow Lodge Double Arrow Lookout East Pine Street Historic District Evaro School Florence Hotel Flynn Farm Forkenbrock Funeral Home Fort Fizzle Site Fort Missoula Historic District Fort Missoula Historic District (Boundary Increase) Garden City Drug Gibson, A. J., House Gleim Building Gleim Building II Grand Pacific Hotel Hammond Arcade Headquarters Building and Daily Company Annex Hellgate Lodge 383 BPOE Herzog, J. M., House Higgins Block Independent Telephone Company Building Johnston, John S., House Keith, John M., House Knowles Building Labor Temple Laird's Lodge Historic District Lenox Flats Lincoln School Lower Rattlesnake Historic District Lucy Building Maclay Bridge Marsh and Powell Funeral Home Masonic Lodge McCormick Neighborhood Historic District Milwaukee Depot Milwaukee Road Railroad Substation No. 10 Mineral Peak Lookout Missoula County Courthouse Missoula County Fairgrounds Historic District Missoula Downtown Historic District Missoula Downtown Historic District (Boundary Increase) Missoula Downtown Historic District (Boundary Increase-Decrease) Missoula Laundry Company Missoula Mercantile Missoula Mercantile Warehouse Missoula Southside Historic District Model Laundry and Apartments Montgomery Ward Moon-Randolph Ranch Mrs. Lydia McCaffery's Furnished Rooms Northern Pacific Railroad Depot Northside Missoula Railroad Historic District Orange Street Underpass Palace Hotel Paxson, Edgar, House Potomac School Prescott, Clarence R., House Reid House Ressler, Guy, Homestead House Saint John the Baptist Catholic Church Simons Block St. Francis Xavier Church Stark School Sterling, Fred T., House Studebaker Building Target Range Elementary School Toole, John R., House Traveler's Rest U.S. Forest Service Remount Depot U.S. Post Office University Apartments University Area Historic District University of Montana Historic District University of Montana Historic District (Boundary Increase) West Fork Butte Lookout Wilma Theatre Zip Auto
The town of Philipsburg, Montana, is known for its sapphire mining, with some of the best sapphires in the world being found in the surrounding mountains. Visitors can go gemstone hunting and visit the local sapphire museum to learn about the history of mining in the area.
Missoula County, located in western Montana, has a rich history that can be traced back to the indigenous peoples who called the area home for thousands of years. The Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Nez Perce tribes were among the first inhabitants, relying on the abundance of natural resources in the region. In the early 1800s, European fur trappers and explorers began to arrive, establishing trading posts and interacting with the native communities.

The 19th century brought significant changes to Missoula County. In 1860, the town of Hellgate was founded, and it eventually became the county seat of Missoula County. With the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad in the 1880s, Missoula experienced rapid growth and became an essential transportation hub in the region. The timber industry boomed, attracting more settlers and facilitating the development of nearby towns.

The University of Montana, located in Missoula, was established in 1893 and has since become a respected institution, shaping the city's culture and economy. During this time, Missoula County also experienced increasing tensions with Native American tribes, leading to conflicts such as the Battle of the Big Hole in 1877. The county witnessed significant shifts in land ownership and territorial disputes throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

In the 20th century, Missoula County faced challenges and transformations. The county suffered from the impacts of the Great Depression, but it also saw the construction of major infrastructure projects like the Bonner Dam and hydroelectric plant, which provided much-needed employment opportunities. Tourism started to play an essential role in the county's economy, thanks to its stunning landscapes and recreational activities. Today, Missoula County continues to thrive as a center for education, culture, outdoor recreation, and a vibrant arts scene, while still honoring and learning from its diverse history.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Missoula County, Montana.

  • 1860s: Missoula County established as one of the original nine counties of Montana Territory.
  • 1873: Missoula becomes the county seat.
  • 1883: The Montana Central Railway reaches Missoula, leading to economic growth.
  • 1895: Construction of the University of Montana begins.
  • 1908: The city of Missoula is incorporated.
  • 1910s: Missoula sees significant growth due to logging and the timber industry.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression causes economic challenges in Missoula County and throughout the country.
  • 1940s: World War II brings military presence and economic stimulation to the area.
  • 1950s-1970s: Missoula County experiences growth and development, including the expansion of the University of Montana.
  • 1990s-2000s: Missoula County sees continued growth and diversification of its economy, including the tech sector.