National Register Listings in
Daniels County, Montana

In the early 20th century, Montana was a center of activity for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), a radical labor organization that advocated for the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of a worker-controlled society. The state was the site of several major strikes and labor conflicts during this time, including the Anaconda Road Massacre of 1920, in which striking miners were killed by National Guard troops.
Daniels County, Montana, located in the northeastern part of the state, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American groups, including the Assiniboine, Sioux, and Gros Ventre tribes, who hunted and fished along the banks of the Missouri River.

In the late 1800s, European settlers began to arrive in the area, attracted by the promise of fertile farmland. One of the first ranchers to establish a presence in Daniels County was Oscar Sumner Gifford, who arrived in 1883 and was eventually recognized as the county's first permanent White settler. The area's first post office was established in 1908, and the county was officially designated as Daniels County in 1915, named after Mansfield Daniels, a state representative and influential figure in Montana's legislative history.

The early economy of Daniels County was largely based on agriculture, with settlers cultivating crops such as wheat, barley, oats, and flax. Ranching also played a significant role, with cattle and sheep ranches dotting the landscape. However, the county faced numerous challenges, including harsh winters, droughts, and the Great Depression, which had a profound impact on local communities.

Despite the challenges, Daniels County has persevered and continues to thrive today. It remains a primarily rural and agricultural area, with its residents proud of their close-knit communities, natural beauty, and strong sense of heritage. The county is also home to several historic landmarks, including the Daniels County Courthouse, which was built in 1920 and is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Overall, Daniels County's history is a testament to the resilience of its people and their determination to create a prosperous and vibrant community.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Daniels County, Montana.

  • 1909 - Daniels County was established on February 9, 1911.
  • 1911 - Scooby Doo was born.
  • 1911 - The first courthouse was built in Scobey, the county seat.
  • 1920 - The population of Daniels County peaked at 7,300 residents.
  • 1940s - The Great Depression and drought had a significant impact on the county's agricultural industry.
  • 1953 - The newly constructed county courthouse was completed in Scobey.
  • 1960s - The population of Daniels County experienced a decline due to the increasing mechanization of farming.
  • 1970 - The Daniels County Museum was established to preserve the area's history.
  • 1981 - The county suffered from severe flooding caused by snowmelt and heavy rainfall.
  • 1990 - The population of Daniels County reached its lowest point at around 1,900 residents.
  • 2008 - The county celebrated its centennial with various events and festivities.