National Register Listings in
Carbon County, Montana

Bad Pass Trail Baker and Lovering Store Baldwin Building Bearcreek Bank Bearcreek Cemetery Benson, Dr. Theodore J., House Blewett, John, House Bluewater Creek Bridge Bridger Coal Company House Bridger Opera House Brooder, Frank, House Calvary Episcopal Church Camp Senia Historic District Camp Senia Historic District (Boundary Increase and Additional Data) Cedarvale Corey House Ewing-Snell Ranch Fire Hall Forsman House Fromberg Concrete Arch Bridge Fromberg High School Fromberg Methodist-Episcopal Church Fromberg Opera House Gebo Barn Gebo Cemetery Gebo, Henry, House Gibson, John, House Glidden House Glidden Mercantile Greenblatt, Samuel, House Heatherington Boarding House Hi Bug Historic District Hough, Raymond, House House on Railroad Avenue IOOF Hall and Fromberg Co-operative Mercantile Building Joliet Bridge Joliet High School Joliet Residential Historic District Kent Dairy Round Barn Kero Farmstead Historic District Kose Hall Lockhart, Caroline, Ranch Marcus, Dr. Carl, House McCall, Tracy, House Methodist Episcopal Church and Parsonage Montana, Wyoming and Southern Railroad Depot Northern Pacific Railroad Depot-Fromberg Nutting Rental Rahrer, Francis, House Red Lodge Brewing Company-Red Lodge Canning Company Red Lodge Commercial Historic District Red Lodge Commercial Historic District (Boundary Increase) Red Lodge Commercial Historic District (Boundary Increase) Red Lodge Communal Mausoleum Red Lodge-Cooke City Approach Road Historic District Rock Creek Ranger Station Historic District Rock Creek State Bank Sage Creek Ranger Station Smith Mine Historic District Smith, T. W., House Southern Hotel Suydam, Hester E., Boarding House Warila Boarding House and Sauna Wool Warehouse Yodeler Motel
In the early 20th century, Montana was a center of activity for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), a radical labor organization that advocated for the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of a worker-controlled society. The state was the site of several major strikes and labor conflicts during this time, including the Anaconda Road Massacre of 1920, in which striking miners were killed by National Guard troops.
Carbon County, located in the southwestern part of Montana, has a rich and vibrant history that dates back centuries. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Crow, Sioux, and Shoshone, who utilized the area's abundant resources for hunting, fishing, and gathering.

In the mid-1800s, fur traders and explorers ventured into the Carbon County area, establishing trading posts and forts. The arrival of settlers and the discovery of gold and silver in the nearby mountains brought a significant influx of prospectors and miners seeking their fortune. This led to the establishment of several mining camps and towns, such as Red Lodge, Bearcreek, and Fromberg, which played vital roles in the county's early development.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the mining industry thrived in Carbon County, attracting large numbers of immigrants from Europe and other parts of the United States. The towns grew rapidly, with the construction of railroads and the establishment of coal mines providing economic stability and employment opportunities for the burgeoning population.

However, the boom eventually faded, and the mining industry declined in the mid-20th century. Carbon County shifted its focus to agriculture, ranching, and tourism to sustain its economy. Today, the county is known for its picturesque landscapes, recreational opportunities, and a vibrant cultural scene, attracting visitors from around the world.

Overall, the history of Carbon County reflects the resilience and adaptability of its residents, who have continuously embraced change and altered their way of life to suit the evolving needs of the region.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Carbon County, Montana.

  • 1865 - Carbon County established as an original county of the Montana Territory.
  • 1877 - Coal mining begins in the area, leading to rapid population growth.
  • 1881 - Red Lodge becomes the county seat.
  • 1883 - Carbon County becomes a part of the newly formed state of Montana.
  • 1892 - Carbon County Sheriff Henry Plummer is hanged by vigilantes in Red Lodge.
  • 1898 - The town of Bearcreek is established as a coal mining town.
  • 1912 - The Montana State Board of Health declares Red Lodge a "Model Health City".
  • 1917 - The Smith Mine disaster in Bearcreek claims the lives of 74 miners.
  • 1961 - Carbon County Airport opens in Bridger, providing air transportation for the region.
  • 1974 - Carbon County becomes a destination for tourists seeking outdoor recreation.
  • 2008 - Stillwater Mining Company opens a new palladium and platinum mine near Nye.