National Register Listings in
Wayne County, Mississippi

The state has a strong tradition of hunting and fishing, and many Mississippians enjoy outdoor activities such as deer hunting, bass fishing, and birdwatching.
Wayne County, Mississippi, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw and Chickasaw, who greatly influenced the area's culture and way of life. European exploration and settlement began in the late 18th century, with Spanish and French explorers making initial contact with the Native American tribes.

In the early 19th century, Wayne County became a part of the Mississippi Territory and saw an influx of settlers. The county was officially established in 1809 and named after General Anthony Wayne, a Revolutionary War hero. Agriculture played a crucial role in the county's economy, with cotton becoming a dominant crop in the antebellum period. Slavery was widespread, and many large plantations were established throughout the county.

During the Civil War, Wayne County was deeply divided, with some residents supporting the Confederacy and others remaining loyal to the Union. The county witnessed several skirmishes and battles, including the Battle of Buckatunna. Reconstruction after the war was a challenging period for Wayne County, as the region struggled to rebuild its economy and infrastructure.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Wayne County experienced significant growth and development. Timber became a major industry, with sawmills and logging operations popping up throughout the area. The county also saw advancements in transportation, with the establishment of rail lines and highways.

Today, Wayne County remains a vibrant community, with a mix of rural charm and modern amenities. Agriculture continues to play a significant role in the local economy, alongside industries such as manufacturing and healthcare. The county is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities, attracting visitors from near and far. Wayne County's rich history is celebrated and preserved through its museums, historical sites, and community events.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Wayne County, Mississippi.

  • 1812 - Wayne County is formed, named after General Anthony Wayne.
  • 1824 - The first county courthouse is built in the town of Winchester.
  • 1840 - The county seat is moved to the emerging town of Waynesboro.
  • 1861-1865 - Wayne County is deeply impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1910 - The L.N. Dantzler Lumber Company opens in Waynesboro, boosting the local economy.
  • 1940s - Wayne County experiences industrial growth with the establishment of textile mills.
  • 1973 - The Wayne County Industrial Park is established, attracting more industries to the area.
  • 1992 - Wayne County celebrates its sesquicentennial.