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In 1962, the University of Mississippi, located in Oxford, was the site of a violent confrontation between federal forces and white segregationists over the enrollment of James Meredith, the university's first African American student.
Newton County, Mississippi has a rich history dating back to prehistoric times. The land that is now Newton County was originally inhabited by the Choctaw people, who developed a unique culture and way of life. The arrival of European settlers in the 19th century resulted in the displacement and forced removal of the Choctaw people, as the area became part of the expanding United States.

In 1836, Newton County was officially established, named after Thomas W. Newton, a Mississippi Congressman. The county grew rapidly in the following years as more settlers arrived in search of land and opportunities. Agriculture played a significant role in the county's development during this period, with cotton becoming the primary crop. Plantations were established, and a slave labor system was implemented, shaping the social and economic structure of the county.

The Civil War had a profound impact on Newton County, as it did on the rest of Mississippi and the South. Many local men joined the Confederate Army, and the county experienced significant socio-economic disruptions due to the war. After the war ended, the county struggled to recover, but by the late 19th century, it began to see some economic growth and reconstruction.

In the 20th century, Newton County continued to evolve and develop. The advent of the railroad brought increased connectivity and facilitated trade and commerce. The county experienced modest industrial development in the form of sawmills and timber harvesting. Over the years, the county has also seen advancements in education, healthcare, and public infrastructure. Today, Newton County remains a vital community in Mississippi, proud of its history and striving for progress and prosperity.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Newton County, Mississippi.

  • 1818: Newton County is formed from portions of Franklin and Wayne Counties.
  • Early 1800s: The area is primarily inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw.
  • Mid-1800s: The county experiences significant growth with the establishment of new communities and the arrival of settlers.
  • 1860s: Newton County is heavily affected by the American Civil War, with many residents serving in the Confederate Army.
  • Late 1800s: Agriculture becomes the main economic activity, with cotton production being particularly important.
  • Early 1900s: The county sees advancements in transportation and infrastructure, including the arrival of the railroad.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression brings economic hardship to Newton County.
  • Late 1900s: The county undergoes urbanization and modernization, with the growth of industries and the improvement of utilities.
  • 2000s: Newton County continues to evolve, supporting a diverse economy and preserving its historical heritage.