The famous blues guitarist Robert Johnson, who is often cited as a major influence on rock and roll, was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi.
Located in the state of Mississippi, Lincoln County has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 19th century. It was established on April 7, 1870, and named in honor of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States. Prior to its establishment, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw and Chickasaw.

The first European settlers arrived in the area in the early 1800s, primarily attracted by the fertile soil and abundant natural resources. Agriculture and timber quickly became the dominant industries, with cotton being the main cash crop. By the mid-1800s, the county had developed a thriving economy, supported by the labor of both enslaved African Americans and white farmers.

During the American Civil War, Lincoln County played a significant role, being located within the Confederate heartland. Several battles and skirmishes took place in the area, as Union forces sought to disrupt the Confederate supply lines. The war had a devastating impact on the county, with many homes and plantations destroyed.

In the years following the Civil War, Lincoln County experienced a period of reconstruction and recovery. The economy gradually diversified, with the emergence of industries such as lumber, manufacturing, and commerce. Today, Lincoln County continues to embrace its history and heritage, with numerous historical sites and museums offering visitors a glimpse into the area's rich past.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Lincoln County, Mississippi.

  • 1817 - Lincoln County is established as one of the original counties in the state of Mississippi.
  • 1819 - The first courthouse and county seat is founded in Holmesville.
  • 1876 - Brookhaven becomes the new county seat, replacing Holmesville.
  • 1894 - The Illinois Central Railroad extends into Lincoln County, boosting economic development.
  • 1906 - The Brookhaven National Guard Armory is constructed.
  • 1927 - The Lincoln County Library is established.
  • 1935 - Camp Beauregard, a Civilian Conservation Corps camp, is established near Bogue Chitto.
  • 1941 - The United States enters World War II, and many residents of Lincoln County serve in the armed forces.
  • 1978 - The Mississippi School of the Arts is established in Brookhaven.
  • 2011 - The Lincoln County Historical and Genealogical Society is founded.