National Register Listings in
Lamar County, Mississippi

The state has a diverse population that includes Native American tribes such as the Choctaw and Chickasaw, as well as African Americans, European Americans, and Hispanic Americans.
Lamar County, Mississippi has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations. European settlement began around the early 1800s, with the influx of settlers drawn by the fertile land and abundant natural resources.

In 1904, Lamar County was established as Mississippi's 62nd county, named after Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, a prominent politician and statesman. It was carved out of parts of neighboring Marion and Pearl River counties. The county seat was established in Purvis, a town that had been incorporated a few years earlier in 1888.

Throughout its history, Lamar County has primarily been an agricultural region. Cotton became the dominant crop in the late 19th century, followed by the rise of timber and lumber industries in the early 20th century. The county's economy relied heavily on these industries, and their success led to significant population growth and economic development.

In more recent years, Lamar County has experienced rapid growth and urbanization. The county has seen significant residential and commercial development, particularly in the towns of Hattiesburg and Purvis. These developments have brought new opportunities and challenges, as the county balances its agricultural heritage with the demands of a modern, growing community.

Overall, Lamar County's history is characterized by its agricultural roots, economic growth, and evolving identity as a vibrant county in Mississippi. With a blend of small-town charm and progressive development, the county continues to shape its future while honoring its past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Lamar County, Mississippi.

  • 1904 - Lamar County is established on February 19, 1904, and named after Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, who was a Mississippi politician.
  • 1906 - Purvis becomes the county seat after winning an election over Lumberton.
  • 1921 - The Mississippi Methodist Hospital, later named the Methodist Hospital of Hattiesburg, is established in Hattiesburg.
  • 1924 - The University of Southern Mississippi is founded in Hattiesburg as Mississippi Normal College.
  • 1934 - Camp Shelby, a military training base, is established near Hattiesburg during World War II.
  • 1952 - The William Carey University is chartered in Hattiesburg.
  • 2005 - Hurricane Katrina strikes the Gulf Coast, causing significant damage to Lamar County and the surrounding areas.