National Register Listings in
Jasper County, Mississippi

During the Civil War, Mississippi was a major battleground and saw some of the bloodiest fighting of the entire conflict.

Jasper County, Mississippi has a rich and diverse history dating back to the early 19th century. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek, who relied on the abundant natural resources such as forests and streams for their livelihood.

In 1833, the Mississippi legislature established Jasper County, naming it after the famous American Revolutionary War hero Sergeant William Jasper. The county was primarily agrarian, with cotton being the main cash crop. Plantations were established, and enslaved African-Americans provided the labor for these large-scale farming operations. The county played a significant role in the antebellum South, and the Civil War brought great devastation to the area.

Post-Civil War, Jasper County saw a shift in its economy as agriculture remained important, but the timber industry began to flourish. The vast pine forests attracted lumber companies, leading to the establishment of sawmills and logging camps. The timber industry brought jobs and economic growth to the county in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Throughout the 20th century, Jasper County experienced both highs and lows. It saw a decline in the timber industry due to overharvesting, but agriculture remained a significant part of the local economy. The county also faced challenges during the Great Depression, with economic struggles affecting its residents. However, efforts to diversify the economy and provide better job opportunities have been made, with the county now home to various industries such as manufacturing and healthcare.

Today, Jasper County continues to thrive as a rural community with a strong sense of history. It is known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreation opportunities, and the preservation of its historic sites. The county's diverse past serves as a reminder of the challenges and resilience of its people.

  • 1833 - Jasper County is established and named after Sergeant William Jasper.
  • 1836 - The county seat is established in the town of Paulding.
  • 1861-1865 - Jasper County, like the rest of Mississippi, is heavily affected by the American Civil War.
  • early 1900s - Lumber becomes a major industry in the county, leading to rapid growth.
  • 1936 - A devastating tornado hits Heidelberg, causing significant damage and loss of life.
  • 1950s-1960s - The Civil Rights Movement brings significant changes to Jasper County.
  • 1970s-1980s - The decline of the timber industry leads to economic challenges in the county.
  • 1992 - Hurricane Andrew causes widespread destruction in Jasper County.
  • 2005 - Hurricane Katrina causes significant damage and disrupts life in the county.
  • 2010 - The county seat is relocated from Paulding to Bay Springs.