National Register Listing in
Itawamba County, Mississippi

Mississippi played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Many of the most important events of the movement, including the Freedom Rides and the March Against Fear, took place in Mississippi.
Itawamba County, Mississippi is located in the northeastern part of the state and has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous tribes such as the Chickasaw Indians before European settlers arrived.

The county was officially established in 1836 and named after an Indian word meaning "dwelling place of the Chickasaw." Itawamba quickly grew in population and became an agricultural hub, with cotton being the primary crop. The cultivation of cotton brought wealth to the county, and many plantations were established.

During the American Civil War, Itawamba County experienced significant upheaval. Many residents enlisted in the Confederate Army and fought in various battles. The county also witnessed the destruction brought upon by Union troops who passed through the area. After the war, the agricultural economy of the county suffered greatly due to the decline in cotton production.

In the early 20th century, Itawamba County started to diversify its economy with the introduction of lumber mills and manufacturing industries. The railroad connecting the county to larger cities and markets also played a crucial role in this development. Over the years, the county continued to evolve economically, with industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, and education contributing to its prosperity.

Today, Itawamba County is known for its scenic landscape, educational institutions, and thriving communities. Its rich history is celebrated through various museums, historical landmarks, and events. Itawamba County remains a testament to the resilience of its residents and their ability to adapt to changing times.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Itawamba County, Mississippi.

  • 1836: Itawamba County is established as a county in the state of Mississippi.
  • 1830s: Early settlement begins in the area, mostly by people of Scotch-Irish and English descent.
  • Late 1800s: Itawamba County experiences significant growth due to the expansion of the railroad.
  • 1861-1865: Itawamba County, like many other Southern counties, is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • Early 1900s: The county sees the rise of agriculture as the main economic activity, with cotton being the predominant crop.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression hits Itawamba County hard, causing widespread economic hardship.
  • 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement has a significant impact on Itawamba County, with protests and demonstrations for equal rights.
  • 1980s: Itawamba Community College is established and becomes an important educational institution in the county.