National Register Listing in
Humphreys County, Mississippi

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The Mississippi State Capitol, which is located in Jackson, was completed in 1903 and features a distinctive copper dome that is visible from miles away.
Humphreys County, Mississippi, has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. Before European settlement, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Choctaw and Chickasaw. These tribes relied on the fertile soil and abundant wildlife for their sustenance.

In the early 1800s, European settlers arrived in the area, attracted by the fertile land along the Mississippi River. The county was officially established in 1918 and named after Benjamin G. Humphreys, a Confederate general and governor of Mississippi. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became the backbone of the county's economy, and many large plantations were established.

During the American Civil War, Humphreys County witnessed significant military activity due to its strategic location along the river. The county was heavily influenced by the antebellum plantation economy, and as a result, it experienced economic and social challenges after the war. Sharecropping became the primary means of agricultural labor, and poverty was widespread.

In the mid-20th century, Humphreys County played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement. It was the birthplace of Fannie Lou Hamer, a prominent African American civil rights activist. She fought for voting rights and helped establish the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. Today, Humphreys County continues to grapple with economic and social challenges, but it also holds a strong sense of community and a desire for progress and equality.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Humphreys County, Mississippi.

  • Prehistoric times: Indigenous peoples inhabit the area now known as Humphreys County for thousands of years.
  • Early 1800s: European settlers begin to arrive and establish homesteads in the region.
  • 1834: Humphreys County is officially formed and named after Mississippi Governor Benjamin G. Humphreys.
  • Late 1800s: Agriculture, specifically cotton farming, becomes the primary industry in the county.
  • 1884: The Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District is established to manage flooding and protect farmland.
  • Early 1900s: The Great Migration sees many African Americans leaving the county for urban areas in the North.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression and the boll weevil infestation devastate the county's agricultural economy.
  • 1950s-1960s: Civil Rights Movement brings significant social and political changes to Humphreys County.
  • 1970s-1990s: Mechanization and industrialization lead to a decline in the county's agricultural workforce.