National Register Listings in
Choctaw County, Mississippi

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Mississippi has a rich musical history, particularly in the genres of blues, gospel, and country. Many famous musicians, including Elvis Presley, B.B. King, and Muddy Waters, got their start in Mississippi.
Choctaw County, Mississippi has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. Before European contact, the area was home to the Choctaw tribe, one of the largest Native American tribes in the southeastern United States. The Choctaw people lived off the land, utilizing the rivers and forests for hunting, fishing, and farming. They were skilled artisans, known for their intricate pottery and basket weaving.

European settlers began to enter the area in the late 18th century, with the establishment of the Natchez Trace as an important trade route between Tennessee and Natchez. The influx of settlers led to conflicts between the Choctaw tribe and the newcomers. In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed, forcing many Choctaw people to leave their ancestral lands and relocate to Oklahoma on what became known as the Trail of Tears.

After the removal of the Choctaw tribe, Choctaw County remained sparsely populated until the mid-19th century. The area saw a boost in development with the construction of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad in the 1850s, which connected the county to larger markets and sparked economic growth. Timber became a vital industry, fueling the county's economy as sawmills sprang up throughout the region.

Throughout the 20th century, Choctaw County relied heavily on agriculture, with cotton being the dominant crop. However, like many rural areas in Mississippi, the county experienced economic challenges and a decline in population. In recent years, there has been a shift towards diversifying the local economy through industries such as manufacturing and tourism.

Today, Choctaw County's rich history is preserved and celebrated through various cultural events and heritage sites. The county offers a glimpse into the past while embracing the opportunities of the future, making it a unique and vibrant part of Mississippi's history.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Choctaw County, Mississippi.

  • 1750 - Choctaw County lands inhabited by Choctaw Native American tribe
  • 1833 - Choctaw County established as a county in Mississippi
  • 1855 - Railroad reaches Choctaw County, boosting economic activity
  • 1861-1865 - Choctaw County heavily impacted by American Civil War
  • Early 1900s - Agriculture and timber industries are major contributors to the county's economy
  • 1920s - Oil and gas discoveries in Choctaw County bring economic growth
  • 1930s - Great Depression leads to economic decline, affecting the county
  • 1940s-1950s - Industrialization efforts begin in Choctaw County
  • 1960s - Civil Rights Movement influences the county, leading to changes in segregation policies
  • 1980s-1990s - Economic diversification efforts lead to growth in manufacturing and service sectors
  • 2005 - Hurricane Katrina impacts Choctaw County and surrounding areas