National Register Listings in
Wayne County, Missouri

The state of Missouri was the birthplace of the ice cream cone. It was invented by a Syrian immigrant named Ernest Hamwi who was selling waffles at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis. When an ice cream vendor ran out of dishes, Hamwi rolled up one of his waffles to hold the ice cream and the ice cream cone was born.
Wayne County, Missouri has a rich history dating back to its early settlement in the early 1800s. The region was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, particularly the Shawnee and Delaware tribes, who lived off the land and engaged in trade along the nearby rivers. European settlers began arriving in the early 19th century, drawn by the fertile land and abundance of natural resources.

The county was officially established on December 11, 1818, and was named after General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, a hero of the American Revolutionary War. The early years saw the arrival of pioneers who cleared the land, established homesteads, and built communities. The county quickly became an agricultural hub, with crops like corn, wheat, and tobacco being cultivated.

Wayne County played a role in the American Civil War, with residents divided in their loyalties. Some supported the Union, while others sympathized with the Confederacy. The area saw skirmishes and raids as both sides vied for control. After the war, the county began to rebuild, focusing on agriculture and expanding its infrastructure.

Over the years, Wayne County has faced challenges such as natural disasters, economic fluctuations, and social changes. It has weathered floods, droughts, and economic recessions, but has always managed to persevere and adapt. Today, Wayne County remains a rural community with agriculture as its backbone, while also embracing tourism and outdoor recreation due to its beautiful natural landscapes and proximity to state parks and wilderness areas.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Wayne County, Missouri.

  • 1800 - The area that is now Wayne County is part of the Louisiana Purchase, owned by the United States.
  • 1818 - Missouri becomes a state, and the region is part of the newly formed Wayne County.
  • 1825 - The county seat is established in Greenville.
  • 1851 - Piedmont becomes the new county seat.
  • 1901 - The St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway is constructed through Wayne County.
  • 1913 - The first bank in Wayne County is opened in Piedmont.
  • 1925 - The Ozark National Forest is established, including parts of Wayne County.
  • 1941 - Mark Twain National Forest is created, covering a large portion of Wayne County.
  • 1973 - The Sam A. Baker State Park is opened in Wayne County.
  • 2011 - Heavy rainfall leads to severe flooding in Wayne County, causing significant damage.