National Register Listings in
Stone County, Missouri

Mark Twain, one of America's most beloved authors, was born in Florida, Missouri, in 1835. He later moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where he set many of his famous stories, including "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn".
Stone County, Missouri has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area where Stone County is located was once inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Osage and Delaware, who relied on the abundant natural resources of the region for their survival. European explorers and fur traders began arriving in the area in the late 18th century.

In the early 19th century, settlers from the eastern United States began moving into the area that would become Stone County. The county was officially established in February 1851 and named after William Stone, an early pioneer and territorial legislator. The first courthouse was built in Galena, which served as the county seat until 1959.

During the Civil War, Stone County was heavily influenced by the conflict. While it remained within Union-controlled areas, skirmishes and guerrilla warfare were common throughout the region. Many residents joined the armies of both the Confederacy and the Union, resulting in a divided community.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Stone County experienced significant economic growth and development. The establishment of the White River Trout Hatchery in 1910 brought tourism and recreation to the region. The construction of the Table Rock Dam in the late 1950s created Table Rock Lake, which further enhanced the county's appeal as a tourist destination.

Today, Stone County continues to thrive as a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with its natural beauty, outdoor recreational activities, and historical charm. The county's history is preserved through its numerous historic sites and museums, offering a glimpse into its past and a reminder of the struggles and triumphs of its early settlers.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Stone County, Missouri.

  • 1833 - Stone County is established as a part of Taney County, Missouri.
  • 1851 - The first permanent settlement is made in the county.
  • 1852 - The county's first post office is established.
  • 1854 - The county's first school is built.
  • 1858 - Stone County is officially organized.
  • 1861-1865 - Stone County residents participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1870 - The county's first railroad, the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, is completed.
  • 1920s - The tourism industry begins to develop in the county, with visitors drawn to its natural beauty.
  • 1960s - Table Rock Lake is created following the construction of the Table Rock Dam on the White River.
  • 1981 - The Mark Twain National Forest is established, covering a significant portion of Stone County.