The state of Missouri was actually named after a tribe of Sioux Indians called the Missouris, whose name means "town of the large canoes".
Pike County, Missouri, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 19th century. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Osage and Illinois tribes, before European settlers arrived. In the early 1800s, Pike County was established and named after explorer Zebulon Pike.

The county became a center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location along the Mississippi River. In the 1830s, the town of Louisiana was founded and became the county seat. The river provided an important route for steamships transporting goods and people, further boosting the county's economy.

Pike County also played a significant role during the Civil War. It was divided in its loyalties, with some residents supporting the Union while others sided with the Confederacy. The Battle of Moore's Mill, fought in 1862, was one of the largest skirmishes in the county and resulted in a Union victory.

During the 20th century, Pike County saw growth and development in various sectors. Agriculture, particularly soybean and corn farming, became a dominant industry. The county also became a popular destination for outdoor recreational activities, such as fishing and hunting, thanks to its many rivers, lakes, and forests.

Today, Pike County continues to preserve its rich history while embracing modern progress. Its diverse economy and scenic landscapes make it an attractive place to live, work, and visit.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Pike County, Missouri.

  • Pike County, MO was established on December 14, 1818.
  • In 1821, Bowling Green was designated as the county seat.
  • In 1830, the construction of the Louisiana and Bowling Green Plank Road began, providing a major transportation route.
  • In 1834, the first courthouse in Pike County was completed.
  • In 1846, the first railroad reached Pike County, boosting economic development.
  • The Pike County Courthouse was burned down in 1853 and subsequently rebuilt in 1854.
  • During the Civil War, Pike County experienced several skirmishes and raids, leading to significant damage.
  • In 1895, the first bridge across the Mississippi River connecting Pike County to Illinois was completed.
  • Pike County experienced significant population growth throughout the 20th century due to agriculture and industry.
  • In recent years, Pike County has become known for its wineries and outdoor recreational activities.