The Pony Express, a mail delivery service that operated from 1860 to 1861, had a route that went through Missouri. The service used a network of riders and relay stations to transport mail from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, in just 10 days.
Perry County, Missouri has a rich history that dates back to its establishment in 1820. The area was first inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Shawnee and Delaware, who were attracted to the fertile lands along the Mississippi River. The region became part of the Louisiana Territory after the United States acquired it in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.

The county itself was named after Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812. Perry County quickly became a significant agricultural center that thrived on the labor of German immigrants. These settlers arrived in the mid-19th century and brought with them a strong work ethic and a commitment to preserving their customs and traditions.

During the American Civil War, Perry County saw intense fighting as it was located on the border between the Union and Confederate states. The Battle of Cape Girardeau took place in 1863, resulting in a Union victory and helping to secure the region for the Union cause. The county also played a crucial role in supplying troops and provisions to both sides of the conflict.

In the years that followed the Civil War, Perry County continued to develop its agriculture industry and saw the rise of thriving communities and towns. Today, the county is known for its picturesque landscapes, charming rural towns, and a strong sense of community.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Perry County, Missouri.

  • Early 1700s: Native American tribes, such as the Shawnee and Delaware, inhabit the area that would later become Perry County.
  • 1720s: French explorers, including Francois and Louis Gaspard, begin to establish settlements in the region.
  • 1763: As part of the Treaty of Paris, the area is transferred from French to Spanish control.
  • 1800: The United States acquires the land as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818: Perry County is officially formed and named after Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812.
  • 1821: Missouri becomes a state, and Perry County is established as one of its original counties.
  • Mid-1800s: German immigrants begin to settle in Perry County, contributing to its cultural heritage.
  • 1861-1865: During the American Civil War, Perry County is caught in the conflict between Union and Confederate forces.
  • Late 1800s to early 1900s: The railroad industry brings economic growth and development to Perry County.
  • 20th century: Perry County experiences advancements in agriculture, infrastructure, and education.
  • 21st century: Perry County continues to thrive as a rural community, preserving its heritage while embracing modern progress.