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The infamous outlaw Jesse James was born in Clay County, Missouri, in 1847. He later became known for his bank and train robberies and was killed by a member of his own gang in 1882.
Montgomery County, Missouri has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, with the Osage being the most prominent. European settlers began to arrive in the late 18th century, and in 1818, Montgomery County was formally organized.

During the 19th century, Montgomery County experienced significant growth and development. The town of Montgomery City was established as the county seat in 1853. The region became known for its agricultural prosperity, particularly in wheat and tobacco production. The arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s further fueled economic growth.

The county has also played a role in some key moments in American history. During the Civil War, Montgomery County saw its fair share of conflict as it was close to the border between Union and Confederate territories. The Battle of Moore's Mill, fought in 1862, was one of the largest battles in the state, resulting in a Union victory.

In the 20th century, Montgomery County continued to thrive, although it faced challenges such as the Great Depression. The county's agricultural industry diversified, with a shift towards livestock and soybean production. Education also became an important focus, with the establishment of Montgomery County R-II School District and the University of Missouri Extension Center.

Today, Montgomery County is a vibrant community that combines its rural charm and natural beauty with modern amenities. It is known for its wineries, scenic historic downtowns, and recreational opportunities, including the beautiful Graham Cave State Park. The county's rich history is still celebrated through various events and local museums, reminding visitors and residents alike of its past significance.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Montgomery County, Missouri.

  • 1818 - Montgomery County is established as a county in the state of Missouri.
  • 1829 - The county seat is established in the town of Danville.
  • 1836 - The county seat is moved to the town of Montgomery.
  • 1896 - The county seat is moved to the city of New Florence.
  • 1902 - The county seat is moved back to the city of Montgomery, where it remains today.
  • 1911 - The first paved road in the county is completed.
  • 1919 - The first electric lights are installed in the city of Montgomery.
  • 1952 - The Mark Twain National Forest is established, covering parts of Montgomery County.
  • 1964 - The county courthouse in Montgomery is added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1982 - The county sees a significant growth in population due to the construction of the Callaway nuclear power plant.