National Register Listings in
Knox County, Missouri

The state of Missouri is home to several unique natural landmarks, including the Elephant Rocks State Park, which features giant granite boulders that resemble a herd of elephants, and the Ha Ha Tonka State Park, which has natural bridges, caves, and a castle ruin.
Knox County, Missouri, located in the northeastern part of the state, has a rich history dating back to its settlement in the early 1800s. The county was officially established in 1845 and named after Henry Knox, the first U.S. Secretary of War. Prior to European settlement, the area was home to various Native American tribes, including the Fox, Sac, and Ioway.

Early settlers were attracted to the region's fertile soil and abundant natural resources. Agriculture quickly became the foundation of the local economy, with crops like corn and wheat grown for sustenance. The arrival of the railroad in the mid-19th century further facilitated economic growth, connecting Knox County to larger markets and boosting trade.

During the American Civil War, Knox County, like many other rural areas in Missouri, experienced tensions between Union and Confederate supporters. The area was plagued by guerrilla warfare and raids from both sides. Despite this turmoil, the county persevered and gradually rebuilt after the war.

In the 20th century, Knox County saw advancements in infrastructure, education, and healthcare. Small towns within the county, such as Edina and Novelty, developed their own unique identities and provided essential services to the rural population. Today, Knox County continues to thrive, with agriculture still playing a significant role in the local economy, along with industries like manufacturing and healthcare.

Overall, Knox County's history is one of resilience and adaptation, as it has weathered challenges and embraced progress to become the vibrant community it is today.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Knox County, Missouri.

  • 1804 - The Louisiana Purchase brings the area that would become Knox County under American control.
  • 1821 - Missouri becomes a state, including the land that is now Knox County.
  • 1837 - Knox County is officially established as a county in Missouri.
  • 1843 - The first permanent settlement is established in the county.
  • 1853 - The town of Edina is surveyed and platted, becoming the county seat.
  • 1862 - During the Civil War, Knox County is heavily impacted by guerrilla warfare and divided loyalties.
  • 1873 - The Quincy, Missouri, and Pacific Railroad is completed, providing transportation and economic development opportunities for the county.
  • 1892 - A devastating tornado strikes the town of Edina, causing significant damage.
  • 1918 - The Spanish influenza pandemic reaches Knox County, causing widespread illness and death.
  • 1941-1945 - Many residents of Knox County serve in World War II.
  • 1952 - The construction of Mark Twain Lake begins, creating a large reservoir and recreational area in the county.
  • 1969 - Mark Twain Lake is officially completed, providing opportunities for boating, fishing, and camping.
  • 1985 - The Lewis and Clark Expedition bicentennial celebration is held in Knox County, commemorating the historic journey.
  • 2002 - The Amish community establishes a presence in the county, contributing to its cultural diversity.