The Missouri State Penitentiary, located in Jefferson City, was once the oldest operating prison west of the Mississippi River. It opened in 1836 and closed in 2004.
Dunklin County, Missouri, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Chickasaw, Osage, and Quapaw. European settlers began arriving in the late 18th century, with the Lewis and Clark Expedition passing through the region in 1804. It wasn't until the early 19th century that the area was formally settled by pioneers.

In 1845, Dunklin County was established as the 31st county in Missouri. The county was named after Governor Daniel Dunklin, who served from 1832 to 1836. Agriculture quickly became the dominant industry, with cotton being the primary crop. The construction of railroads in the late 19th century further boosted the county's economy, as it facilitated transportation of goods and opened new markets.

During the Civil War, Dunklin County experienced both Union and Confederate occupations. Like many border counties, Dunklin County saw its share of violence and skirmishes between pro-Union and pro-Confederate factions. After the war, the county slowly recovered and focused on rebuilding its economy through agricultural diversification and the growth of small towns.

In the 20th century, Dunklin County continued to thrive as agriculture developed even more, with the introduction of crop rotation and mechanization. The county's economy became heavily reliant on the production of crops such as cotton, soybeans, rice, and corn. Today, Dunklin County remains an important agricultural hub, but the county's economy has also diversified into other sectors like manufacturing and healthcare. The county also boasts natural attractions, such as beautiful forests and the scenic Mississippi River. With its rich history and natural beauty, Dunklin County has become an attractive destination for both residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Dunklin County, Missouri.

  • 1845 - Dunklin County is established in the state of Missouri.
  • 1845 - The county is named after Daniel Dunklin, Missouri Governor from 1832 to 1836.
  • 1850s - The county experiences significant growth due to the arrival of railroads.
  • 1861-1865 - Dunklin County residents participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1883 - The first courthouse of Dunklin County is completed.
  • 1941-1945 - Dunklin County contributes to the war effort in World War II.
  • 1972 - A tornado causes extensive damage in Dunklin County.
  • 2008 - Significant flooding occurs in the county.