National Register Listings in
Caldwell County, Missouri

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The famous Dred Scott case, which helped fuel the tensions that led to the Civil War, originated in Missouri. Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom in the Missouri courts in 1857, but the U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ruled against him.
Caldwell County, Missouri is located in the northern part of the state and holds a rich history that spans over two centuries. The area was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Osage and Sac and Fox nations. However, in the early 19th century, European settlers began to migrate to the region, primarily from the southern states.

In 1812, Caldwell County was established as one of the original counties of the Missouri Territory. The county was named after John Caldwell, a former U.S. Senator from Kentucky. The early settlers primarily engaged in farming and developed a strong agricultural economy with crops like corn, wheat, and tobacco.

One significant event in Caldwell County's history was the arrival of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Mormons, in the early 1830s. The Mormons established themselves in several communities within the county, including Far West, which briefly became the headquarters of the Mormon Church. However, conflicts arose between the Mormons and the non-Mormon settlers, leading to the expulsion of the Mormons from the County in 1838.

Following the departure of the Mormons, Caldwell County continued to develop economically. The construction of railroads in the late 19th century brought new opportunities for trade and transportation, boosting the county's growth. Today, Caldwell County is recognized for its historic buildings, natural beauty, and agricultural heritage, making it an attractive destination for visitors and residents alike.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Caldwell County, Missouri.

  • 1808: The area that would later become Caldwell County is acquired through the Treaty of Fort Clark.
  • 1827: Caldwell County is officially established by the Missouri legislature.
  • 1831: Mormon settlers begin to arrive in Caldwell County, establishing the county as a hub for their faith.
  • 1838: The conflict known as the Mormon War breaks out between Mormon settlers and non-Mormon residents, leading to the expulsion of the Mormons from Caldwell County.
  • 1841: The Mormons return to Caldwell County and establish the town of Far West.
  • 1860s: The construction of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad through Caldwell County leads to increased economic growth and a population boom.
  • Late 1800s: Agriculture, particularly corn and soybean farming, becomes a major industry in Caldwell County.
  • 20th century: The county experiences economic ups and downs, with changes in farming practices, the rise of manufacturing industries, and fluctuations in the population.
  • 2010s: Caldwell County continues to be known for its agricultural heritage and rural charm, attracting visitors with its historic sites and natural beauty.