The Mayo Clinic, a world-renowned medical center, was founded in Rochester, Minnesota in 1864.
Yellow Medicine County, located in southwestern Minnesota, has a rich and diverse history dating back to thousands of years. It was initially inhabited by Dakota Sioux Native Americans, who relied on the Minnesota River for sustenance and trade. European explorers first arrived in the area in the 1700s, but it wasn't until the 1800s that significant settlement occurred.

In 1862, Yellow Medicine County witnessed the U.S.-Dakota War, a conflict between the Dakota Sioux and the U.S. government. The county served as a critical battleground during this war and suffered significant devastation. Following the war, the Dakota people were forcefully removed from their ancestral lands, marking a tragic chapter in the county's history.

Throughout the late 1800s, Yellow Medicine County experienced rapid growth and development as European settlers established towns and cultivated the fertile land. Agriculture became the backbone of the county's economy, with wheat being the primary crop. The construction of railroads further facilitated trade and brought economic prosperity to the region.

In the early 20th century, Yellow Medicine County began to modernize with the introduction of electricity, telephones, and improved transportation infrastructure. The county's agricultural sector continued to thrive, and new industries such as manufacturing and healthcare emerged. Today, Yellow Medicine County is a vibrant community that embraces its historical roots while embracing progress and growth.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota.

  • 1853 - Sioux Treaty of Traverse des Sioux is signed, ceding land including what is now Yellow Medicine County to the United States
  • 1854 - Yellow Medicine County is established
  • 1858 - Minnesota achieves statehood
  • 1862 - US-Dakota War breaks out, leading to conflict between Dakota Sioux and American settlers
  • 1868 - Treaty of Washington is signed, establishing the Upper Sioux Indian Reservation
  • 1871 - Yellow Medicine County seat is established in Granite Falls
  • 1873 - The St. Paul and Pacific Railroad reaches Granite Falls, spurring economic growth
  • 1903 - Granite Falls dam is built on the Minnesota River to generate hydroelectric power
  • 1921 - The Lincoln Memorial Hospital is established in Granite Falls
  • 1948 - Upper Sioux Indian Community is established on the Upper Sioux Indian Reservation
  • 1960 - Yellow Medicine County courthouse is built in Granite Falls
  • 1997 - A devastating flood hits Granite Falls, causing extensive damage
  • 2020 - Yellow Medicine County celebrates its 165th anniversary