The first Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives, which would later become the Big Ten Conference, was held in Minneapolis in 1895.
The history of Rock County, Minnesota dates back to the arrival of Native American tribes, particularly the Dakota Sioux, who lived in the area for thousands of years. European-American settlers began arriving in the mid-1800s, attracted by the fertile land and opportunities for farming. The county was officially established in 1857 and named after the Rock River, which flows through the area.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, agriculture became the backbone of Rock County's economy. The rich soil proved ideal for growing wheat, corn, and other crops, leading to the establishment of numerous farms and the growth of small towns like Luverne and Magnolia. The arrival of railroads in the area further boosted agricultural productivity, allowing farmers to easily transport their goods to markets.

Rock County faced its share of challenges in the early years. The harsh winters, coupled with frequent droughts and grasshopper plagues, posed significant obstacles for farmers. However, the resilience and determination of the local community helped it overcome these difficulties. In the 20th century, the widespread adoption of mechanized farming practices and advancements in technology greatly improved agricultural productivity in the county.

In addition to agriculture, Rock County has also made contributions to the mining industry. During the early 20th century, the discovery of limestone and granite deposits led to the establishment of several quarries in the area. These quarries played a crucial role in supplying construction materials for buildings and roads across the region.

Today, Rock County continues to rely heavily on agriculture as its primary economic driver. The county's rich history, natural beauty, and small-town charm make it an attractive destination for visitors and a welcoming community for those who call it home.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Rock County, Minnesota.

  • 1855: Rock County is established by Minnesota Legislature
  • 1860s: Settlements begin to form in the county, primarily by European immigrants
  • 1870: Rock County Courthouse is constructed in Luverne, becoming the county seat
  • 1881: The Sioux Quartzite Quarry begins operation, providing building materials for many iconic structures
  • 1890s: Agricultural boom in Rock County leads to increased population and economic growth
  • 1913: The Luverne High School is built, becoming an important educational institution in the area
  • 1930s: The Great Depression hits Rock County and causes economic hardships
  • 1941: The United States enters World War II, and many residents from Rock County serve in the military
  • 1950s-1960s: Industrial and technological advancements bring changes to agriculture and other sectors
  • 1983: The Minnesota Veterans Home is established in Luverne, providing care for veterans
  • 1998: The Rock County History Center opens, preserving and showcasing the county's heritage
  • Present: Rock County continues to be a rural community with a strong agricultural presence