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Maryland was once a center of the slave trade: Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that allowed slavery, and by the mid-18th century, it had become a major center of the domestic slave trade. Maryland slave traders sold enslaved people to plantation owners in other southern colonies and to the Caribbean.
Queen Anne's County is located in the state of Maryland and holds a rich history that dates back centuries. The area was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Matapeake and the Kent, who thrived in the region due to its fertile land and proximity to the Chesapeake Bay. European settlement began in the early 17th century when English colonists arrived in search of new opportunities.

In 1706, Queen Anne's County was officially established and named after Queen Anne of Great Britain. It quickly became an important center for trade and commerce, thanks to its ideal location along the Eastern Shore and its deepwater ports. Over the years, the county's economy thrived on agriculture, with tobacco being the primary crop. However, as the tobacco industry declined in the late 18th century, the county shifted towards other agricultural activities such as wheat, corn, and vegetable farming.

During the American Revolutionary War, Queen Anne's County played a significant role in the fight for independence. Many local residents joined the colonial forces, while others remained loyal to the British Crown. The county also saw its share of conflicts during the War of 1812 when the British launched multiple attacks on the Chesapeake Bay region, including the famous Battle of Caulk's Field, which took place in Queen Anne's County.

In the 20th century, Queen Anne's County embraced tourism, taking advantage of its beautiful landscapes and proximity to the Chesapeake Bay. Numerous historic sites, such as the historic Stevensville district and the Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center, were established, welcoming visitors from near and far. Today, Queen Anne's County continues to thrive as a hub for recreational activities, agriculture, and as a charming destination for history enthusiasts.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Queen Anne's County, Maryland.

  • 1706 - Queen Anne's County is established as part of Maryland's colony.
  • 1766 - The county seat is established in Centreville.
  • 1776 - Queen Anne's County residents support the American Revolution.
  • 1801 - The U.S. Congress authorizes the construction of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, which is completed in 1829.
  • 1813 - The British fleet attacks and burns multiple towns in Queen Anne's County during the War of 1812.
  • 1849 - The first railroad, Queen Anne's Railroad, begins operation in the county.
  • 1863 - A small skirmish occurs at Queen Anne's Railroad Bridge during the Civil War.
  • 1876 - The Chesapeake Bay Railway opens, improving transportation in the county.
  • 1906 - A new county courthouse is built in Centreville.
  • 1952 - The Chesapeake Bay Bridge connects the county to the Eastern Shore and boosts tourism.
  • 1985 - Queen Anne's County evolves as a popular suburb due to its proximity to major cities.