National Register Listings in
Montgomery County, Maryland

Annington Beale, Edward, House Beall-Dawson House Belt, J. A., Building Bethesda Meetinghouse Bethesda Naval Hospital Tower Bethesda Theatre Bingham-Brewer House Brookeville Historic District Brookeville Woolen Mill and House Cabin John Aqueduct Carderock Springs Historic District Carousel at Glen Echo Park Carson, Rachel, House Chautauqua Tower Chiswell's Inheritance Clara Barton National Historic Site Clarksburg School Clifton Clover Hill Darnall Place Davis-Warner House Dawson Farm Dowden's Luck Drury-Austin House Frieda Fromm-Reichmann Cottage Friends Advice Gaithersburg B & O Railroad Station and Freight Shed Gaithersburg Latitude Observatory Garrett Park Historic District Glen Echo Park Historic District Glenview Farm Hammond Wood Historic District Hanover Farm House Johnson-Wolfe Farm Kensington Historic District Krieger, Seymour, House Layton House Mesrobian, Mihran, House Milimar Milton Montgomery County Courthouse Historic District Montrose Schoolhouse Moreland Mt. Nebo National Park Seminary Historic District New Mark Commons Oaks II Old Chiswell Place Polychrome Historic District Poole, Nathan Dickerson, House Poolesville Historic District Ridge, The Riley-Bolten House Rock Creek Woods Historic District Rockville Park Historic District Rockville Railroad Station Salmon-Stohlman House Sandy Spring Friends Meetinghouse Seneca Historic District Seneca Quarry Silver Spring Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station Susanna Farm Takoma Avenue Historic District Takoma Park Historic District Taylor, David W., Model Basin Third Addition to Rockville and Old St. Mary's Church and Cemetery Thomas and Company Cannery U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Valhalla Washington Grove Historic District (Additional Documentation) West Montgomery Avenue Historic District Wiley-Ringland House Woodend Wright, Robert Llewellyn, House
The Battle of Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War: The Battle of Antietam, which took place on September 17, 1862, was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. More than 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing after 12 hours of fighting. The battle is considered a turning point in the war, as it gave President Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Montgomery County, Maryland has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. Before European settlement, the area was inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Piscataway and the Seneca. The first European explorers arrived in the 17th century, with English settlers establishing tobacco plantations along the Potomac River. The county was officially formed in 1776, named after General Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War hero.

During the 19th century, Montgomery County remained predominantly agricultural, with farms and small villages dotting the landscape. The construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in the 1820s brought economic growth and trade to the county's towns located along the canal route. In 1852, the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad further stimulated development, connecting the county to other parts of Maryland and neighboring states.

In the 20th century, Montgomery County experienced significant suburbanization as Washington, D.C. expanded. The county became an attractive residential area for people working in the nation's capital. The completion of the Capital Beltway in the 1960s facilitated commuting and led to further growth and development. Montgomery County became known for its excellent schools, diverse neighborhoods, and a thriving economy, attracting people from various backgrounds and cultures.

Today, Montgomery County is one of the most populous and affluent counties in Maryland. It is home to a vibrant and diverse community, with a strong economy driven by industries such as biotechnology, healthcare, government agencies, and education. The county offers a wide range of recreational amenities, from parks and hiking trails to cultural institutions and shopping centers.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Montgomery County, Maryland.

  • 1694 - Montgomery County established as part of Maryland colony
  • 1700s - Early settlements and growth in agriculture
  • 1776 - Montgomery County residents support American Revolution
  • 1801 - Capital of the United States moves to Washington, D.C., just south of Montgomery County
  • 1850s - Construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal brings economic development
  • 1861-1865 - Montgomery County residents participate in the American Civil War
  • 1873 - Great Montgomery County Fair established
  • 1878 - Founding of the Maryland Agricultural College (now University of Maryland)
  • 1890s - Introduction of electric streetcars
  • 1950s - Suburbanization and rapid population growth
  • 1970s - Construction of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's Red Line
  • 1980s - Establishment of technology and biotechnology industries in the county
  • 2000s - Growth of diverse communities and emphasis on environmental sustainability