Maryland was the first state to pass a law requiring free public education: In 1827, Maryland became the first state to pass a law requiring free public education for all children. The law was initially aimed at poor children, but eventually expanded to include all children regardless of their economic status.
Garrett County, located in the westernmost part of Maryland, has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. The earliest inhabitants of the region were the Native American tribes, particularly the Susquehannock and Shawnee tribes, who relied on the area's abundant natural resources for their livelihood.

European settlement began in the late 1700s, with German and Scottish-Irish immigrants establishing small farming communities. However, it was the discovery of vast natural resources that truly shaped Garrett County's development. In the early 1800s, the region became known for its timber, which fueled the growth of logging and sawmill industries. Soon after, coal was discovered, leading to the establishment of several coal mining towns in the area.

The completion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the 1850s further spurred economic growth in Garrett County, as it provided a means of transporting timber, coal, and other goods to markets in Baltimore and beyond. The county's economy continued to thrive throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, fueled by the extraction of natural resources and the emergence of tourism, thanks to its picturesque landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities.

In recent decades, Garrett County has undergone significant changes. The decline of the coal industry and a shift towards a more service-based economy have impacted the area. However, the county's natural beauty remains a prominent asset, attracting tourists and outdoor enthusiasts who partake in activities like fishing, hiking, skiing, and boating. Garrett County also values its agricultural heritage, with many farmers working to preserve traditional methods and promote locally produced goods.

Overall, Garrett County's history is characterized by the interplay between its natural resources, the development of industries, and its enduring appeal as a destination for those seeking the tranquility of its scenic landscapes.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Garrett County, Maryland.

  • 1765 - Garrett County was established as a part of Allegany County.
  • 1789 - The recorded establishment of an early settlement in the area.
  • 1837 - The area was officially recognized as Allegheny County.
  • 1872 - The county was established and named after John Work Garrett, then president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
  • 1876 - The construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was completed in the county.
  • 1900s - The county experienced growth and development in timber, coal, and tourism industries.
  • 1925 - Deep Creek Lake was created with the completion of a hydroelectric project.
  • 1938 - The state park system acquired land in the county for the development of Deep Creek Lake State Park.
  • 1950s - Ski resorts started to develop in the county.
  • 1978 - Savage River State Forest, the largest forest in Maryland, was established in Garrett County.