Historical Markers in
Calvert County, Maryland

A County in Ruin A Place in Chesapeake History Abner's Crab House All Saints Episcopal Church Amphibious Training Base Anchor Anchor Apt Anchorage Arthur Storer Planetarium Attention to Detail-Gertrude Sawyer, Architect Bald Eagle Battle Creek Cypress Swamp Bay Front Beach Beach & Pier Beach Buccaneers Becker House Benning Crab Skiff Birds Box Stern Workboat John A. Ryder Brewhouse British Vengeance Built for Work — Built for Pleasure Calvert County Calvert County Calvert Marine Museum's Dee of St. Mary's Chaney Rail Skiff Chesapeake Beach Park Chesapeake Beach Railway Chesapeake Beach Railway Chesapeake Beach Railway Station Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Christ Church Cliffs of Calvert Colonial Dugout or Punt (Reproduction) Cove Point Lighthouse Crab Skiff Pep (Reproduction) Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Drum Point Lighthouse Early Businesses Early Settlements Enemy Blockade Evidence Found in the Ground Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information Fate of the Flotilla Fishing Creek Aquatic Life Five-Log Canoe Shamrock Forest Edges Harriet Elizabeth Brown Honor Roll Hooper Island Launch Penguin Humphreys Rowing Skiff Idyllic Retreat — Beach House on the Point Indian Life at the Stearns Site J. C. Lore & Sons Oyster House Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum Jenkins Creek Crab Scrape Geda John Stuart Skinner Jolly Boat Joseph & James Wilkinson June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent King's Reach Post Mold Patterns Land Battle Evidence Leatherbury Sailing Bateau Lower Marlboro Lower Marlboro Town Lt Brendan Looney M. M. Davis Shipyard Mansueti Laboratory Marine Railway Gears Menace on the Horizon Middleham Chapel Morgan Hill Farm Naval Warfare North Beach Boardwalk North Beach Pier Old Wallville School One-Room School Oyster Skiff Panic in Prince Frederick Parish House Ped-L-Craft Perils along the Patuxent Portion of Hull, Unidentified Bugeye Potomac River Dory Boat Let's See Power Bateau Pre-Colonial Dugout (Reproduction) Preston on Patuxent Prince Frederick Library “Firsts” Railroad Artifacts At The Museum Railroad Bed Railroad Bed Russell David Hall Sailing Bateau Witch of the Wave Saunders House School #7 Scoot (Reproduction) Sewell Draketail Workboat Sharps Island Lighthouse Smithville United Methodist Church Smith’s St. Leonard Site Solomons House & Visitor Center Solomon's Island Spirit St. John’s Holiness Church St. Leonard Creek St. Leonard Polling House and Garden of Remembrance Sukeek’s Cabin: A Proud Tradition Lives On The Ark of Hungerford Creek The Bay Bridge The Belvedere Hotel The Business End of a Screwpile The Chesapeake Bay Bugeye The Chesapeake Beach Railway The Cliffs of Calvert The First All Saints Church The Garden of Remembrance The Government at St. Leonard’s The Search for the Chesapeake Flotilla The St. Leonard Polling House The Town of North Beach The War of 1812 Living History This flagpole Three-Log Canoe Town Ravaged Tree Canopy Turning Point Two-Log Canoe Bar Dog Valor at St. Leonard Creek Veitch’s Cove Veterans Green Volunteer W. S. Brooks High School War on the Water Warships and Raids Waterman's Shed Watershed Weapons of War Welcome to Drum Point Lighthouse Wetland Plants & Insects What is this Big White Building? What Life Was Like Here Whittington Rail Skiff Wildlife along the Trail Wm. B. Tennison Working Watermen World War Memorial Yawl Boat "The Campground" “The Commodore Can Beat Any…Barges…Sent Against Him” “We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage”
Maryland was a border state during the Civil War: During the Civil War, Maryland was a border state that remained in the Union but had many sympathizers with the Confederacy. The state was strategically important because it was located between Washington D.C. and the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
Calvert County, Maryland has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Piscataway and Yaocomaco peoples. The arrival of European settlers in the 17th century marked a significant change for the region. In 1654, the county was established and named after the Calvert family, who were influential in the establishment of the Maryland colony.

During the colonial period, Calvert County played an important role in Maryland's tobacco industry. The fertile soil and favorable climate made it an ideal location for tobacco cultivation, which became the backbone of the local economy. Numerous plantations were established, and many African slaves were brought to the area to work on these plantations.

In the 19th century, Calvert County saw significant changes with the decline of tobacco as the main crop. The county diversified its economy, focusing on agriculture, fishing, and oyster harvesting. The Chesapeake Bay became a vital resource, providing employment opportunities for many residents.

In the 20th century, Calvert County experienced further changes and growth. The construction of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and the expansion of transportation networks made the county more accessible to tourists and businesses. The establishment of the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant in the 1970s also brought new economic opportunities.

Today, Calvert County is a suburban area that is known for its historical sites, natural beauty, and strong sense of community. It continues to attract visitors who are interested in exploring its history, enjoying outdoor activities, and experiencing the charm of a small-town atmosphere.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Calvert County, Maryland.

  • 1634: Calvert County is established as one of the original counties in the Province of Maryland.
  • 1650s: English settlements begin to form in Calvert County.
  • 1684: Calvert County becomes an official county in the Maryland colony.
  • 1706: The first courthouse in Calvert County is built in the town of Prince Frederick.
  • 1774: Calvert County residents participate in protests and demonstrations leading up to the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1789: The town of Prince Frederick is officially incorporated.
  • 1812: Calvert County plays a significant role in the War of 1812, with British forces attacking the area.
  • 1861: Calvert County remains loyal to the Union during the American Civil War despite being located in a Southern state.
  • 1904: The Chesapeake Beach Railway opens, bringing tourism and economic growth to Calvert County.
  • 1950s: The establishment of the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant brings additional economic development to the county.