National Register Listings in
Berkshire County, Massachusetts

Allen Hotel Allen, William Russell, House Anthony House Armory Block Armstrong House Arnold Print Works Ashley, Col. John, House Ashley, Col. John, House (Boundary Increase) Barrett, P. J., Block Beaver Mill Becket Center Historic District Berkshie Mill No. 1 Berkshire Life Insurance Company Building Bidwell, Rev. Adonijah, House Blackinton Historic District Boardman, The Boston Finishing Works Brewer, Capt. John, House Browne, Charles, House Cheshire Town Hall Complex Chesterwood Church on the Hill Church Street Historic District Church Street-Cady Hill Historic District (Boundary Increase) Citizens Hall Clark-Eames House Clinton African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Coleman Bridge Congregational Church of West Stockbridge Crane and Company Old Stone Mill Rag Room Cranesville Historic District Crowley House Dalton Grange Hall No. 23 Du Bois, William E.B., Boyhood Homesite Dwight-Henderson House Eames, Philip, House East Lawn Cemetery and Sherman Burbank Memorial Chapel East Main Street Cemetery East Otis Schoolhouse Eaton, Crane & Pike Company Factory Elm Court Elm-Maple-South Streets Historic District Fairview Cemetery Farnams Village Historic District Fellows, General John and Mary, Farmstead Fitch-Hoose House Five Corners Historic District Freeman's Grove Historic District Freight Yard Historic District Frelinghuysen Morris House and Studio Glendale Power House Golden Hill Bridge Goodwood H.W. Clark Biscuit Company Hall's Tavern Hancock Shaker Village Hancock Town Hall Harrison, Samuel, House Hathaway Tenement Hillside Cemetery Hoosac Street School Hoosac Tunnel Housatonic Congregational Church Howard, Frank, Building Hyde House Hyde School Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival Johnson Manufacturing Company Johnson School Jones Block Kenmore Lee Lower Main Street Historic District Lee Station Lenox Academy Lenox High School Lenox Library Lenox Railroad Station Lower Historic District Mahaiwe Block Main Street Cemetery Main Street Historic District Maple Street Cemetery Mausert Block Melville, Herman, House Merrell Tavern Methodist Episcopal Society of Tyringham Mill River Historic District Mill Village Historic District Mission House Mohawk Trail Montville Baptist Church Monument Mills Monument Square-Eagle Street Historic District Monument Square-Eagle Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) Morewood School Mount Greylock Summit Historic District Mount, The Naumkeag New Boston Inn New Marlborough Village Nichols-Sterner House Norad Mill Normal School Historic District North Becket Village Historic District North Egremont Historic District Northeast School Old Central Fire Station Old Central High School Old Churchyard Cemetery Old Covered Bridge Old Curtisville Historic District Old Town Hall Osborn, Benjamin, House Park Square Historic District Park Square Historic District (Boundary Increase) Park Street Firehouse Pettibone Farm Phillips Woolen Mill Pilgrim Memorial Church and Parish House Pittsfield & North Adams Passenger Station and Baggage & Express House Pittsfield Cemetery Power, Charles Whittlesey, House Providence Court Quaker Meetinghouse Ramsdell Public Library Renfrew Mill No. 2 Rice, A.H., Silk Mill Richmond Furnace Historical and Archeological District Rising Paper Mill Rock Ridge Sage, Philemon, House Saint Andrew's Chapel Searles Castle Shadow Brook Farm Historic District Shaker Farm Sheffield Center Historic District Sheffield Plain Historic District Shepard, Thomas, House Sherman, Eber, Farm Sherman, William B., Farm Sibley-Corcoran House Simmons Block Simond, Col. Benjamin, House Society of the Congregational Church of Great Barrington South Center School House South Egremont Village Historic District South Lee Historic District South Mountain Concert Hall Springside Park St. Joseph's School St. Luke's Episcopal Church Stafford Hill Memorial Stockbridge Casino Summer Street Historic District Sykes House Taconic and West Avenues Historic District Trinity Episcopal Church Tyringham Cemetery Tyringham Center School Tyringham Library Tyringham Shaker Settlement Historic District Upper Historic District Upper North Street Commercial District US Post Office-Great Barrington Main US Post Office-Williamstown Main Ventfort Hall Villa Virginia Wahconah Park Wells House West Stockbridge Grange No. 246 West Stockbridge Town Hall Western Railroad Stone Arch Bridges and Chester Factory Village Depot Westover-Bacon-Potts Farm Wheatleigh Wheeler Family Farmstead Williamstown Rail Yard and Station Historic District Windsor Print Works Wollison-Shipton Building
Massachusetts was the birthplace of many prominent American figures, including John F. Kennedy, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Louisa May Alcott, and Emily Dickinson.
Berkshire County, located in western Massachusetts, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by the Mohican Native American tribe, who were skilled hunters and farmers. They established numerous villages and had a thriving culture in the area.

European settlers arrived in the 18th century and established several towns, including Stockbridge (1734) and Great Barrington (1761). The area became known for its fertile land and timber resources, leading to the development of farming and logging industries.

In the 19th century, Berkshire County experienced industrial growth with the rise of industries like iron production, textiles, and paper manufacturing. The county's location along major rivers proved advantageous for these industries, leading to economic prosperity and population growth.

Throughout its history, Berkshire County also played a significant role in the arts and culture scene. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the region became a popular retreat for artists and writers, including Edith Wharton and Herman Melville. This artistic tradition continues today, with various museums, galleries, and theaters attracting visitors from all over.

In recent years, Berkshire County has undergone economic changes, transitioning from its industrial roots to a more diversified economy. It now boasts a mix of industries, including healthcare, education, tourism, and technology. With its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, Berkshire County remains an attractive destination for both residents and tourists alike.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

  • 1761: Berkshire County is established as a county in the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
  • 1762: The first town, Sheffield, is incorporated in Berkshire County.
  • 1787: The Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of farmers against perceived economic injustices, takes place in Berkshire County.
  • 1824: The Berkshire Agricultural Society is established, promoting advancements in agriculture in the region.
  • 1862: The Lenox Library is founded in Lenox, offering public access to books and educational resources.
  • 1893: The Berkshire Museum opens in Pittsfield, showcasing art, history, and natural science collections.
  • 1934: The Tanglewood Music Festival is established in Lenox, becoming one of the world's premier summer music festivals.
  • 1970: The Norman Rockwell Museum opens in Stockbridge, housing the largest collection of Rockwell's works.
  • 2000: The Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art (MASS MoCA) opens in North Adams, showcasing contemporary art in a former industrial complex.
  • 2011: The Berkshire County Courthouse in Pittsfield is added to the National Register of Historic Places.