The famous African-American author and poet, Langston Hughes, spent much of his childhood in Lexington, Kentucky.
Wolfe County, Kentucky, located in the eastern part of the state, has a rich history that spans back hundreds of years. It was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Shawnee and Cherokee, who utilized the region's fertile lands and abundant wildlife for hunting, fishing, and farming.

The first European settlers arrived in the late 18th century, with the establishment of the area's first post office in 1821. The county was named after Nathaniel Wolfe, an early settler and Revolutionary War veteran. During this time, the economy relied heavily on agriculture, with crops like tobacco, corn, and wheat being cultivated.

In the mid-19th century, timber became a major industry in Wolfe County, as vast forests covered the area. Several sawmills were established, and timber was harvested and transported down the nearby Kentucky River for processing and shipping. With the timber industry came an increase in population and economic growth for the county.

The 20th century brought significant changes to Wolfe County. The construction of the Mountain Parkway in the 1960s opened up the region to more tourism and economic development. This led to the growth of the recreational and hospitality sectors, as visitors flocked to the area for its natural beauty, including Red River Gorge and Natural Bridge State Resort Park.

Today, Wolfe County continues to embrace its natural resources and outdoor recreation opportunities, while also diversifying its economy. The county's history, marked by Native American heritage, pioneer settlement, timber industry, and tourism development, has shaped its unique identity and contributed to its ongoing growth and prosperity.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Wolfe County, Kentucky.

  • 1795: Wolfe County was established on March 5.
  • 1800s: The area was primarily inhabited by Native American tribes including the Shawnee and Cherokee.
  • 1820s: Settlers started moving into the region, attracted by the fertile lands.
  • 1839: The first post office, known as "Campton," was established.
  • 1861-1865: Wolfe County residents actively participated in the American Civil War.
  • 1900s: The area saw significant economic growth due to the timber industry.
  • 1930s: The construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Kentucky River provided electricity to the county.
  • Late 20th century: Coal mining became an important industry, contributing to the local economy.
  • Present: Wolfe County remains a rural area with stunning natural beauty, attracting visitors to its outdoor recreational opportunities.