National Register Listings in
Marshall County, Kentucky

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Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State" because of the bluegrass that grows in many of its pastures.
Marshall County, Kentucky, located in the western part of the state, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes for centuries, including the Chickasaw and Shawnee tribes. European exploration and settlement began in the late 1700s, when encounters between Native Americans and European traders and hunters became more frequent.

In the early 1800s, settlers began to establish permanent homes in the region. Marshall County was formally created in 1842, named after Chief Justice John Marshall. The county's fertile land and proximity to the Tennessee River contributed to its early agricultural success, with farming becoming a cornerstone of its economy. The river also played a crucial role in transportation and trade, leading to the development of towns and communities along its banks.

During the Civil War, Marshall County, like many other parts of Kentucky, experienced a divided loyalty between the Union and the Confederacy. The county saw several skirmishes and raids, leaving a lasting impact on its residents. Following the war, Marshall County gradually transitioned from an agricultural to an industrial economy, as industries such as tobacco processing and coal mining emerged. The 20th century brought further development, with the growth of manufacturing and tourism.

In recent decades, Marshall County has become an attractive destination for tourists, thanks to its natural beauty and recreational opportunities. Kentucky Lake, one of the largest man-made lakes in the United States, has drawn visitors seeking fishing, boating, and other water-related activities. The county is also known for its historic sites, such as the Kentucky Dam Village State Resort Park and the Marshall County Historic Courthouse. Today, Marshall County thrives as a vibrant community with a diverse economy, preserving its historical legacy while embracing modern advancements.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Marshall County, Kentucky.

  • 1842: Marshall County is officially established.
  • 1850s: The completion of the Kentucky Central Railroad helps boost the county's economy.
  • 1860s: Marshall County citizens participate in the Civil War, with many joining the Union Army.
  • 1873: The construction of Kentucky Dam begins, eventually leading to the formation of Kentucky Lake.
  • 1950s: The land around Kentucky Lake becomes a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from neighboring states.
  • 1966: Marshall County High School is established.
  • 1997: The Heath High School shooting takes place, leading to discussions about gun control and school safety.