National Register Listings in
Jefferson County, Kentucky

Abbott, Leslie V., House Abell House Adath Israel Cemetery Adath Israel Temple Adath Jeshurun Temple and School Allison-Barrickman House Allison-Barrickman House (Boundary Increase) Almsted Brothers Building Altawood Historic District Anchorage Historic District Anchorage, The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite Temple Arcadia Apartments Ashbourne Atherton Carriage House Audubon Park Historic District Avery, B. F., and Sons Industrial District Axton, Wood F., Hall, Simmons University Axton-Fisher Tobacco Company Warehouse Aydelott House Baker-Hawkins House Ballard, Rogers Clark, Memorial School Bank of Middletown Bannon, Martin Jeff (M.J.), House Bannon, Patrick, House Barber-Barbour House Bates, Levin, House Bayless House Bayly-Schroering House Beech Lawn Beechland Belknap, Willam R., School BELLE OF LOUISVILLE (steamer) Belleview Bellevoir-Ormsby Village Bernheim Distillery Bottling Plant Berry Hill Beynroth House Bingham-Hilliard Doll House Blankenbaker Station Board of Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South Bodley, Temple, Summer House Bonavita-Weller House Bonnycot Bosler Fireproof Garage Bowman Field Historic District Bradford Mills Brandeis House Brandeis, Albert S., Elementary School Brass Finishing Building, Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Company Bray Place Breslin Building Bridges, C. A., Tobacco Warehouse Broadway Temple A.M.E. Zion Church Brown Hotel Building and Theater Brown Tobacco Warehouse Brown, J.T.S., and Son's Complex Brown, James, House Brown, Theodore, House Buildings at 900-906 East Main Street Bull, William, House Bullock-Clifton House Bush, Cornelia, House Bush, S. S., House Business Women's Club, The Butchertown Historic District Calvary Episcopal Church Calvary Evangelical Lutheran Church Caperton Block Cardinal Hill Reservoir Carmichael House Castleman, John B., Monument (Additional Documentation) Cathedral of the Assumption Cave Hill Cemetery Cave Hill National Cemetery Cedarbrook Farm Central Colored School Central Kentucky Lunatic Asylum Chenoweth Fort-Springhouse Chenoweth House Cherokee Triangle Area Residential District Chestnut Street Baptist Church/Quinn Chapel A.M.E. Church Chestnut Street Methodist Church Chrisler House Christ Church Cathedral Christ the King School and Church Church of Our Merciful Saviour Church of the Messiah Churchill Downs Citizens National Life Insurance Building Clifton Historic District Clifton Historic District (Boundary Increase) Clore, James, House Clover Hill Coldeway House College Street Presbyterian Church Columbian School Commodore Apartment Building Confederate Martyrs Monument in Jeffersontown Confederate Monument in Louisville Conrad, Theophilus T., House-Rose Anna Hughes Presbyterian Widows Home Cooper Memorial Church Cornwall and Brown Houses Country Estates of River Road Courteney, James, House Cox, Carrie Gaulbert and Attilla Cox, Jr., House Crescent Hill Branch Library Crescent Hill Historic District Crescent Hill Reservoir Cumberland, The Davis Tavern Diamond Fruit Farm Diamond Fruit Farm (Boundary Increase) Diebold, Anton, House Diebold, J. W., Jr. House District #1 District #2 Dodd, William J., Residence Doerhoefer, Basil, House Doerhoefer, Peter C., House Doerhoefer-Hampton House Dogwood Hill Dolfinger, J., and Company Building Drumanard (Boundary Increase) Dumesnil Street ME Church Duncan, Stuart E. and Annie L., Estate Eastwood School Eclipse Woolen Mill Edgewood Eight-Mile House Eitel, Otto F., House Electric Building Elks Athletic Club Emerson School Engelhard House Epworth Methodist Evangelical Church Ewing, D. H., & Sons Creamery Falls City Jeans and Woolen Mills Farmington Farnsley, David, House Farnsley-Moremen House Fifth Ward School Filson Club, The Fincastle Finzer, J., and Brothers Company Building Finzer, Nicholas, House Fire Department Headquarters Firehouse No. 13 First Christian Church First Lutheran Church First National Bank-Kentucky Title Company Building First Street District Fisher House Fishpool Plantation Fitzhugh House Ford Motor Company, Louisville Plant Ford Motor Plant Forrester House Fourth Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church Frank, Henry, House Funk, Harriet, House Funk, James H., House Gaar-Fenton House Gaffney House Gardencourt Historic District Garr House German Bank Building German Evangelical Church of Christ Complex German Insurance Bank Givens Headley and Co. Tobacco Warehouse Glenview Historic District Goose, Roscoe, House Gordon, Cornelia, House Green Tree Manor Residential Historic District Greve, Buhrlage, and Company Greve, Buhrlage, and Company Grove, Benjamin, House Gwathmey, Richard, House Hadley, Mary Alica, House Haldeman House Hamilton Brothers Warehouse Hannah House Harig, Koop & Company-Columbia Mantel Company Harrods Creek Historic District Haury Motor Company Showroom and Garage Hausgen House Hayfield Head House Herr-Rudy Family Houses Hertel Pharmacy Heyburn Building Heywood, John H., Elementary School Highlands Historic District (Additional Documentation) Hikes Family Houses Hikes-Hunsinger House Hillcrest Hite, Abraham, House Hite-Chenoweth House Hite-Foree Log House Hoke, Andrew, House Holy Cross Catholic Church, School and Rectory Holy Name Church Rectory, Convent and School Hook and Ladder Company No. 2 Hook and Ladder Company No. 3 Hook and Ladder Company No. 4 Hook and Ladder Company No. 5 Hope Worsted Mills Hord, Robert, House Horner House House of Weller Howard-Gettys House Howard-Hardy House Hughes, E.L., Company Building Humphrey-McMeekin House Ideal Theatre Immanuel Chapel Protestant Episcopal Church Inter-Southern Insurance Building Irvin, James F., House Jacob, Charles D, Elementary School Jacob, Jefferson, School Jefferson Branch Louisville Free Public Library Jefferson County Armory Jefferson County Courthouse Jefferson County Courthouse Annex Jefferson County Jail Jeffersontown Colored School Jewish Hospital Complex Johnston, J. Stoddard, Elementary School Jones Estate Jones House Judge Kirby House Kaufman-Straus Building Keneseth Israel Synagogue Kennedy-Hunsinger Farm Kennedy-Hunsinger Farm (Boundary Increase) Kentucky Home School for Girls Kentucky National Bank Kentucky Street School Kentucky Wagon Works Kirby, Harriet Griswold and Judge Samuel Bonner, House Klotz Confectionary Company Knights of Pythias Temple Kosmosdale Depot Kurfees Paint Company Ladless Hill Landward House Leatherman House LeCompte Saloon Lee, Addison W., House Levy Brothers Building Lewis, Dr. John, House Lewiston House Limerick Historic District Limerick Historic District (Boundary Increase) Lincliff Lindenberger-Grant House Little Loomhouses Locust Avenue Locust Grove Loew's and United Artists State Theatre Long Run Baptist Church and Cemetery Louisville and Nashville Railroad Office Building Louisville City Hall Complex Louisville Cotton Mills Louisville Free Public Library Louisville Free Public Library, Western Colored Branch Louisville Gas and Electric Company Service Station Complex Louisville Grocery Company Building Louisville Male High School Louisville Municipal Bridge, Pylons and Administration Building Louisville Trust Building Louisville Veterans Administration Hospital Louisville War Memorial Auditorium Louisville Water Company Pumping Station Lowell, James Russell, Elementary School Lower West Market Street District Lyndon Cottage Lynn Acres Garden Apartments Lynnford-Lyndon Hall Madrid Building Maghera Glass-Ormsby Hall Main Street District, Expanded Marders, Jefferson, House Marlow Place Bungalows District Marmaduke Building Marshall, John, Sr., House Marvin, Dr. J. B., House Masonic Hall Masonic Widows and Orphans Home May, Robert, House MAYOR ANDREW BROADDUS McBride's Harrods Creek Landing McClure House McFerran, J. B., School Meek-Miller House Mengel Box Company Merriwether House Middletown Inn Middletown United Methodist Church Midlands Miller Paper Company Buildings Mockingbird Valley Historic District Monon Freight Depot Montgomery Street School Moore, Simeon, House Most Blessed Sacrament School Municipal College Campus, Simmons University Murray, Dr. John, Farm Nash-McDonald House National Foundry and Machine Company National Tobacco Work Branch Stemmery National Tobacco Works National Tobacco Works Branch Drying House Nelson Distillery Warehouse New Enterprise Tobacco Warehouse Newland Log House Nitta Yuma Historic District Nock House Nock House (Boundary Increase) Nugent House Oakdale District Old Louisville Residential District Old Louisville Residential District (Boundary Increase) Old Presbyterian Theological Seminary Old U.S. Customshouse and Post Office Old U.S. Customshouse and Post Office and Fireproof Storage Company Warehouse (Boundary Increase) Olmstead Park System Olympic, The Omer/Pound House Oxmoor Paget House and Heigold House Facade Parkland Evangelical Church Parkland Historic District Parkland Junior High School Peaslee-Gaulbert Warehouse Pendennis Club Pennsylvania Run Presbyterian Church Peterson Avenue Hill Peterson-Dumesnil House Phoenix Hill Historic District Pirtle House Planter's Tobacco Warehouse Porter-Todd House Portland Historic District Portland Proper Presbyterian Manse Presentation Academy Preston-St. Catherine Street Historic District Puritan Apartment Hotel Railway Depot Rauchfuss Houses Reed, J. V., and Company Reilly, J.J., Manufacturing Building Repton Republic Building Ridgeway Rockdale Rockledge Ronald-Brennan House Roosevelt, Theodore, Elementary School Rose Hill Rossmore Apartment House Russell Historic District Russell Historic District (Boundary Increase) Saint Frances of Rome School Saint Francis of Assisi Complex Savoy Historic District Schneikert, Valentine, House Schuster Building Sears, Roebuck and Company Store Second and Market Streets Historic District Seelbach Hotel Selema Hall Seventh Street School Shady Brook Farm Shafer's Hall Shallcross Shawnee Elementary School Shawnee High School Shelby Park Branch Library Sherley Mansion Shwab House Simeon Lewis Rural Historic District Simrall-Warfield House Smoketown Historic District Snapp House Snead Manufacturing Building Soldiers Retreat South Central Bell Company Office Building South Louisville Reformed Church Southern Heights-Beechmont District Southern National Bank Speed Building Spring Station St George's Roman Catholic Church St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Church, Rectory, Convent, and School St. Bartholomew Parish School St. Cecilia School Building St. Columba Catholic Campus St. Elizabeth of Hungary Roman Catholic Church St. George's Roman Catholic Church and Rectory (Boundary Increase) St. James Roman Catholic Church, Rectory, and School St. James-Belgravia Historic District St. Lukes Church St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church, Rectory, and School St. Paul's German Evangelical Church and Parish House St. Peter's German Evangelical Church St. Therese Roman Catholic Church, School, and Rectory St. Vincent DePaul Church, Rectory, School, St. Ursula Home and Convent St.Bonifacius Kirche Complex Starks Building Steam Engine Company No. 10 Steam Engine Company No. 11 Steam Engine Company No. 18 Steam Engine Company No. 2 Steam Engine Company No. 20 Steam Engine Company No. 20 Steam Engine Company No. 21 Steam Engine Company No. 22 Steam Engine Company No. 3 Steam Engine Company No. 4 Steam Engine Company No. 7 Steam Engine Company No.4 Stephen Foster Elementary School Stewart's Dry Goods Company Building Stewart, W.K., Bookstore Stitzel, Arthur P., House Stivers, Zodia, House Stout, Ben, House Struss House Stuart Building Stucky House Sunnyside Taggart House Taylor, Zachary, House Taylor, Zachary, National Cemetery Theater Building Thierman Apartments Third and Jefferson Streets Historic District Third and Market Streets Historic District Thompson, James, House Thornburgh House Three Mile Tollhouse Tiller, F. M., House Tingley, George H., Elementary School Tobacco Realty Company Tompkins-Buchanan House Trade Mart Building Trigg, James, House Tucker, Hazael, Farm (Boundary Increase) Tucker, Hazael, House Tway House Twin Gates Carriage House Tyler Hotel Tyler Settlement Rural Historic District Tyler, Moses, House Tyler, Robert, Place Tyler-Muldoon House U.S. Marine Hospital Union Monument in Louisville Union Station United States Marine Hospital of Louisville United States Post Office, Court House and Custom House Universal Car Company University of Louisville Belknap Campus University of Louisville Library University of Louisville School of Medicine Ursuline Academy and Convent Virginia Avenue Colored School Vogt, Henry, Machine Company Shop Von Allmen Dairy Farm House Walker, James, House Walnut Street Theater Warehouse A, Brown-Forman Corporation Waverly Hills Tuberculosis Sanitarium Historic Buildings Webb, John, House Wedekind House and Servant's Quarters Weissinger-Gaulbert Apartments West Main Street Historic District West Main Street Historic District, Expanded Western Junior High School Westwood Farm Whiskey Row Historic District White Mills Distillery Company Whiteside Bakery Widman's Saloon and Grocery Wilhoyte House Williams, Abraham L., L & N Guest House Williams, Eustace, House Wilson, David, House Winchester House Winkworth Winston's, Dr., House Wirth, Lang and Company-The Louisville Leather Company Tannery Building Wolf Pen Branch Mill Woodbourne House Woodside/John T. Bate House Wrampelmeier Furniture Company Wright and Taylor Building Y.M.C.A. Building Yager House Yenowine, George B., House Yenowine-Kennedy House
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The famous African-American author and poet, Langston Hughes, spent much of his childhood in Lexington, Kentucky.
Jefferson County, Kentucky has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and Shawnee, who relied on the fertile lands along the Ohio River for sustenance and trade. European settlement began in the late 18th century, with the establishment of forts and trading posts along the river. In 1780, Louisville, the county seat of Jefferson County, was founded by George Rogers Clark and named in honor of King Louis XVI of France.

During the 19th century, Jefferson County experienced rapid growth and became a center of industry and commerce. The completion of the Louisville and Portland Canal in 1830 allowed for increased river traffic and helped establish Louisville as a major inland port. The city became a hub for the tobacco and bourbon industries, with numerous distilleries and warehouses operating within the county. In addition to its economic growth, the county also played a significant role in the Civil War, serving as a strategic location for both Union and Confederate forces.

The 20th century brought further development and modernization to Jefferson County. The Louisville Municipal Bridge, now known as the George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge, was completed in 1929, connecting the city to southern Indiana and facilitating interstate travel. The county also experienced significant changes in demographics and urbanization, as the population grew and diverse communities emerged. Notably, the African American population in the county expanded during the Great Migration, leading to the establishment of vibrant neighborhoods such as Russell and Parkland.

Today, Jefferson County continues to be a vibrant and thriving county. With a population of over 770,000, it is the most populous county in Kentucky. The county is home to a diverse range of industries, including healthcare, manufacturing, and tourism. Additionally, Jefferson County is known for its rich cultural heritage, with numerous museums, galleries, and cultural events that celebrate the county's diverse history.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Jefferson County, Kentucky.

  • 1780- Jefferson County established as an original Kentucky county.
  • 1785- Louisville, the county seat, officially founded.
  • 1803- The Methodist Episcopal Church establishes its first church in Louisville.
  • 1838- Construction of the Louisville and Portland Canal begins.
  • 1855- The Louisville Free Public Library opens.
  • 1861- The American Civil War begins, and Louisville becomes a key Union supply base.
  • 1875- The Southern Exposition, a world's fair-style event, is held in Louisville.
  • 1905- Churchill Downs hosts the first Kentucky Derby.
  • 1937- The Ohio River flood causes widespread devastation in Jefferson County.
  • 1946- The Louisville Cardinals basketball team wins the National Invitation Tournament.
  • 1956- The Kentucky Kingdom amusement park opens in Louisville.
  • 1974- The Muhammad Ali Center, a museum dedicated to the famous boxer, opens in Louisville.
  • 1984- The Kentucky Center for the Performing Arts opens in Louisville.
  • 1996- The Louisville Slugger Museum & Factory opens.
  • 2013- The KFC Yum! Center, a sports and entertainment arena, opens in Louisville.