Kansas is known as the "Wheat State" and is a major producer of wheat, as well as other crops like corn, soybeans, and sorghum.
Sheridan County, located in the state of Kansas, has a rich history that stretches back to the days of early settlement. The region was originally occupied by indigenous Native American tribes, including the Kansa, Pawnee, and Cheyenne people. The arrival of European settlers in the mid-19th century brought significant changes to the area.

The county was officially established in 1880, named in honor of Union General Philip Sheridan. It was primarily agricultural, with settlers drawn to the fertile land for farming and ranching. The county quickly grew, attracting families and businesses looking for new opportunities.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, railroads played a crucial role in the development of Sheridan County. The arrival of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1887 brought improved connectivity and economic growth. This marked the beginning of a prosperous era for the county, with agriculture becoming a major industry.

In more recent history, Sheridan County has faced the challenges of a changing economy and rural depopulation. The decline of small-scale farming and the consolidation of agricultural operations have impacted the area. Despite these challenges, the county has shown resilience, with a focus on diversifying the economy through tourism and alternative industries.

Today, Sheridan County continues to serve as a vibrant rural community within Kansas. Its rich history is reflected in its historical sites, museums, and events that celebrate the achievements and cultural heritage of its residents. The county remains an agricultural hub while actively exploring new opportunities for growth and development in the 21st century.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sheridan County, Kansas.

  • 1880: Sheridan County is established on March 20, with Hoxie as its county seat.
  • 1885: The town of Studley is founded.
  • 1890: The population of the county reaches 5,678.
  • 1902: The city of Menlo is incorporated.
  • 1912: The county courthouse is built in Hoxie.
  • 1920: The population of the county reaches its peak at 8,743.
  • 1931: A severe drought hits the county, causing significant damage to agriculture.
  • 1965: The city of Selden is incorporated.
  • 1985: Sheridan County celebrates its centennial.
  • 2010: The population of the county drops to 2,556.