Kansas is home to several important Native American tribes, including the Kansa, Osage, and Wichita.
Saline County, Kansas has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The land that would become Saline County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Kansa and Pawnee. European settlers began to arrive in the area in the early 1800s, drawn by the fertile land and abundant wildlife.

In 1858, Saline County was officially established by the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The county was named after the Saline River, which runs through the region. The county's early years were marked by rapid growth and development, thanks to the arrival of the railroad in the 1860s.

During the Civil War, Saline County was a hotbed of both pro-Union and pro-Confederate sentiment. The county was deeply divided, with some residents supporting the abolitionist cause and others sympathizing with the South. This led to frequent conflicts and tensions throughout the war years.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Saline County experienced a boom in agriculture and industry. The discovery of oil in the area in the early 1900s brought further economic growth. Today, Saline County is a thriving community with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, manufacturing, and healthcare. The county is also home to a number of historical sites and landmarks, such as the Smoky Hill Museum and the Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Saline County, Kansas.

  • 1855 - Saline County is established as part of the Kansas Territory.
  • 1860 - The first settlement, Salina, is founded as a trading post along the Smoky Hill River.
  • 1861-1865 - Saline County residents play a significant role in the American Civil War.
  • 1867 - The Union Pacific Railroad reaches Saline County, facilitating economic growth.
  • 1871 - The county seat is relocated from Salina to Solomon City.
  • 1871-1872 - A cholera outbreak affects the county, resulting in numerous deaths.
  • 1874 - The county seat is moved back to Salina due to its rapid growth.
  • 1880s - Saline County experiences a period of agricultural expansion and diversification.
  • 1900 - A tornado strikes Salina, causing significant damage and loss of life.
  • 1942-1945 - During World War II, Saline County is home to a prisoner of war camp for German soldiers.
  • 1960s-1970s - The county undergoes urban renewal and revitalization efforts in Salina.
  • 2007 - The existing Saline County Courthouse is placed on the National Register of Historic Places.