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Amelia Earhart, the famous aviator, was born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897.
Neosho County, located in southeastern Kansas, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Before European settlers, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Osage and Sac and Fox. The county was named after the Neosho River that flows through it, which was an important waterway for both inhabitants and traders.

The first permanent settlement in Neosho County was established in 1855. The town of Osage Mission, later known as St. Paul, was established as a Catholic mission to educate and convert Native Americans. The mission played an important role in the region, and its influence can still be seen today in the architecture and history of the area.

During the Civil War, Neosho County saw its fair share of challenges. The county was a hotbed of anti-slavery sentiment, and many residents fought for the Union cause. However, the county also experienced raids from Confederate guerillas, leading to a turbulent and uncertain time for its inhabitants.

After the war, Neosho County underwent significant development. Railroads were constructed in the late 19th century, connecting the county to larger cities like Kansas City and Wichita, which facilitated the growth of industry and commerce. Agriculture also played a crucial role in the county's economy, with farmers primarily producing wheat, corn, and livestock.

Today, Neosho County continues to thrive as a rural community. Its rich history, natural beauty, and friendly communities make it an attractive place to live and visit. The county's past is celebrated through various historical sites and events, showcasing the enduring legacy of Neosho County's vibrant history.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Neosho County, Kansas.

  • 1855: Neosho County is established.
  • 1861-1865: Neosho County residents serve in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
  • 1870: Parsons becomes the county seat of Neosho County.
  • 1880: The St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad is extended through the county, boosting economic development.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression brings significant economic challenges to Neosho County.
  • 1950s: Construction of the Big Hill Lake reservoir begins.
  • 1970s: The Neosho County Community College is founded in Chanute.
  • 1990s: The economy diversifies with the establishment of a number of manufacturing industries.
  • 2010: Neosho County celebrates its 150th anniversary.