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Kansas was the site of the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court case in 1954, which declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional and paved the way for the Civil Rights Movement.
Montgomery County, Kansas has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Osage and the Kansa. European settlement began in the early 19th century when traders and trappers arrived in the region. The land was then part of the Cherokee Indian Reservation, established in the 1830s.

In 1869, Montgomery County was officially established and named after General Richard Montgomery, a hero of the American Revolutionary War. The county quickly grew as more settlers arrived, attracted by the fertile land and the new opportunities that the railroad brought. Towns like Independence, Coffeyville, and Caney were founded during this time and became important centers of commerce and industry.

The late 19th century saw significant developments in Montgomery County. Agriculture played a crucial role in the economy, with farmers cultivating crops such as wheat, corn, and tobacco. The discovery of oil in the region in the 1890s brought a boom to the area. Numerous oil wells were drilled, and the oil industry became a major source of employment and prosperity.

Montgomery County also witnessed notable events in its history, such as the infamous Coffeyville Raid in 1892. During this bank robbery attempt, the Dalton Gang, notorious outlaws, met their end in a shootout with the local law enforcement. The county has preserved this history through museums and landmarks, allowing visitors to learn about the area’s past.

Today, Montgomery County continues to thrive as a vital part of Kansas. It boasts a diverse economy, with agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries contributing to its growth. The county's history remains an integral part of its identity, celebrated and cherished by its residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Montgomery County, Kansas.

  • 1869: Montgomery County organized and named after general Richard Montgomery
  • 1870: The first post office was established in the county.
  • 1871: The first county fair took place.
  • 1872: The first courthouse was built in Independence, the county seat.
  • 1877: The first railroad reached Independence, boosting the local economy.
  • 1888: A fire destroyed the county courthouse, leading to the construction of a new one.
  • 1925: Oil was discovered in the county, leading to an economic boom.
  • 1931: The Montgomery County Historical Society was established.
  • 1958: The Montgomery County State Lake was constructed.
  • 1973: The Coffeyville Community College was established in Montgomery County.
  • 2011: The Montgomery County Action Council was formed to promote economic development.