The first woman mayor in the United States, Susanna Salter, was elected in Argonia, Kansas in 1887.

Lincoln County, Kansas, has a rich and diverse history that spans over a century. Its story begins in the mid-19th century when European settlers started arriving in the area, attracted by the lush grasslands and fertile soil. In 1867, the county was officially established and named after President Abraham Lincoln. The settlement of Lincoln Center became the county seat, and the town began to grow as more settlers moved in.

One significant event in Lincoln County's history is the establishment of the Butterfield Overland Dispatch stagecoach route in 1865. The route brought much-needed transportation and communication to the area, connecting Lincoln Center with other towns and cities. This had a significant impact on the county's development, encouraging trade and fostering economic growth.

One of the county's defining moments occurred in 1868 when a clash between settlers and Indigenous tribes erupted, known as the Battle of Kidder Massacre. This event left a lasting impact on the community and led to increased tensions between settlers and Native Americans in the area, further pushing the indigenous populations off their lands.

During the late 19th century, Lincoln County continued to grow, attracting more settlers interested in farming and ranching. The county's fertile soil and access to water sources allowed for successful agricultural endeavors, particularly in wheat and cattle farming. Towns like Sylvan Grove and Beverly flourished, supported by the emerging rail networks that connected them with other cities and markets.

Today, Lincoln County remains a rural community with a strong agricultural base. It continues to celebrate its history through various cultural events and festivals, keeping alive the stories and traditions of its pioneers. The county's picturesque landscapes, historical sites, and welcoming community make it an attractive place for visitors and a home for those seeking a small-town, close-knit community.

  • 1867 - Lincoln County was established on February 26
  • 1868 - First county seat was established in Lincoln Center
  • 1870 - Second county seat was established in New Cambria
  • 1872 - Third county seat was established in Lincoln Center again
  • 1873 - Union Pacific Railroad reached Lincoln County, boosting its growth
  • 1879 - Current county seat of Lincoln was established
  • 1880s - Population increased significantly due to influx of settlers
  • 1887 - Oil was discovered in the county, leading to an economic boom
  • 1950s-1960s - Decline in population and economy due to mechanization of agriculture
  • Today, Lincoln County is a rural area with a focus on agriculture and tourism