The famous abolitionist John Brown made a name for himself in Kansas during the Bleeding Kansas era by leading raids against pro-slavery settlers.
Jewell County, Kansas has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to its establishment in 1859. The region was initially home to several Native American tribes, including the Kansa, Osage, and Pawnee, who relied on the land for hunting and gathering. It wasn't until the mid-19th century that European settlement began in the area.

The first permanent settlement in Jewell County was established in 1866 by Isaac McCoy and a group of settlers near the Republican River. The town, named Jewell Center, served as a trading post and provided essential services to the pioneering community. As more settlers arrived, other towns, such as Ionia and Mankato, were founded, further enhancing the region's growth.

Jewell County experienced rapid development with the arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s. The railroad brought new opportunities for commerce and transportation, allowing the county to attract more businesses and residents. Agriculture became a vital industry, with crops like wheat, corn, and sorghum being successfully cultivated in the fertile soil.

Despite facing challenges like economic downturns and droughts, Jewell County persevered and continued to grow. The community's resilience and commitment to progress were evident in the construction of public buildings, schools, and churches throughout the county. Today, Jewell County remains a thriving agricultural community that takes pride in its history and natural beauty, attracting visitors with its charming small towns and scenic countryside.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Jewell County, Kansas.

  • 1858 – Jewell County, KS is established
  • 1870 – The town of Mankato is founded
  • 1871 – First post office is established in Jewell County
  • 1873 – First schoolhouse is built in Jewell County
  • 1880 – The town of Burr Oak is founded
  • 1890 – Population of Jewell County reaches over 10,000 people
  • 1918 – Spanish flu pandemic impacts Jewell County
  • 1930s – Dust Bowl affects farming in Jewell County
  • 1950s – Decline in population as many residents move to urban areas
  • 1986 – Lovewell State Park is established
  • 2009 – Wind energy development begins in Jewell County