National Register Listing in
Greeley County, Kansas

The first woman mayor in the United States, Susanna Salter, was elected in Argonia, Kansas in 1887.
Greeley County, located in the state of Kansas, has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. The earliest inhabitants of the area were indigenous Native American tribes, such as the Pawnee, who lived here for thousands of years. European settlement in the area began in the mid-1800s when pioneers and homesteaders came seeking new opportunities in the West.

In 1861, Greeley County was officially established, named after Horace Greeley, a prominent newspaper editor and advocate for westward expansion. The county initially struggled with scarce resources and limited infrastructure, but the arrival of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad in the late 1800s brought significant growth and development. The railroad enabled the county to transport goods efficiently and opened up opportunities for trade and commerce.

Agriculture became the backbone of Greeley County's economy, with early settlers cultivating crops such as wheat, corn, and sorghum. Livestock also played an important role, with cattle and sheep farming becoming prominent. The county's fertile land and favorable climate made it an ideal location for agricultural pursuits.

Over the years, Greeley County has faced its share of challenges, including the harsh Dust Bowl era of the 1930s and the decline of small family farms. However, the community's resilience and resourcefulness have allowed it to adapt to changing times. Today, Greeley County continues to be a predominantly agricultural region while also attracting visitors with its natural beauty and recreational opportunities. The county's history serves as a testament to the perseverance and determination of its residents, who strive to preserve their heritage while embracing the future.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Greeley County, Kansas.

  • 1873: Greeley County was established on March 20, 1873, by the Kansas Legislature.
  • 1885: The Greeley County seat was moved from Horseshoe to tribune after a contentious "County Seat War".
  • 1922: The first county fair was held in Greeley County.
  • 1933: The Dust Bowl severely affects the agricultural economy in Greeley County, leading to widespread hardship.
  • 1983: The Greeley County Museum is opened, showcasing the area's history and providing educational resources.
  • 2012: The population of Greeley County reaches its peak at 1,247 residents.
  • 2019: Greeley County celebrates its 100th anniversary since being established.